dinoflagellate

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di·no·flag·el·late

(dī'nō-flaj'ĕ-lāt),
A plantlike flagellate of the subclass Phytomastigophorea, some species of which (for example, Karenia brevis) produce a potent neurotoxin that may cause severe food intoxication following ingestion of parasitized shellfish.
[G. dinos, whirling, + L. flagellum, a whip]

dinoflagellate

(dī′nō-flăj′ə-lĭt, -lāt′, -flə-jĕl′ĭt)
n.
Any of numerous minute, chiefly marine protists of the phylum Dinoflagellata, characteristically having two flagella and a cellulose covering and forming one of the chief constituents of plankton. They include bioluminescent species, photosynthetic species, and species that produce red tide.

dinoflagellate

any of a group of unicellular biflagellate aquatic organisms forming a constitutent of plankton now normally placed in the division Pyrrhophyta. They can be regarded as an order of protozoans (Dinoflagellata) or a class of algae (Dinophyceae).
References in periodicals archive ?
Most species of dinoflagellates are photosynthetic, and some species do produce bioluminescence."
The dinoflagellates Alexandrium catenella (strain AC 0206 [phrase omitted]) and Alexandrium affine (strain At37) and the raphidophytes Chattonella marina and Heterosigma akashiwo (isolated from Ago Bay, in 2013) were cultured at 20[degrees]C in autoclaved F/2 medium, under a 12-h L:12-h D photoperiod.
Caption: DINOFLAGELLATES are not the only sea creatures that bioluminesce.
Our results indicate that during the winter, these dinoflagellates persist in the region of Aysen, with a spatially variable distribution, confirmed by historical data recorded in the same sampling areas: Channels Moraleda, Puyuhuapi, Costa, and fjords Aysen and Elefantes.
The slight differences between the strains isolated from the same place such as those from Rio de Janeiro could be even attributed to intragenomic variability as found in other lineages of dinoflagellates (e.g.
Interactions between the Pathogenic Bacterium Vibrio Parahaemolyticus and Red-Tide Dinoflagellates. Ocean Science Journal 46 (2): 105-15.
Kremer, "Carbon metabolism and strobilation in Cassiopea andromedea (Cnidaria: Scyphozoa): Significance of endosymbiotic dinoflagellates," Marine Biology, vol.
Perez and Weis [28] suggested that CYP may help in the regulation of symbiosis between the sea anemone Aiptasia pallida and intracellular dinoflagellates. Interestingly, their study showed that the dinoflagellate symbionts (zooxanthellae) became heat sensitive when CYP was inhibited by cyclosporine and showed loss of the symbionts from the host tissues [28].
Sarjeant W (1974) Fossil and living dinoflagellates. Academic Press, New York.