dilated cardiomyopathy


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Related to dilated cardiomyopathy: hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

di·lat·ed car·di·o·my·op·a·thy

decreased function of the left ventricle associated with its dilation; most patients have global hypokinesia, although discrete regional wall movement abnormalities may occur; usually manifested by signs of overall cardiac failure, with congestive findings, as well as by fatigue indicative of a low output state.

dilated cardiomyopathy

Cardiology The most common cardiomyopathy in the US, which is usually idiopathic and characterized by ↑ ventricular size and impaired ventricular function Etiology Infection–eg coxsackievirus, CMV, HIV, diphtheria, trichinosis, inflammation–eg connective tissue disease, sarcoidosis, metabolic–eg hypothyroidism, thyrotoxicosis, DM, Cushing's disease, thiamine, selenium deficiency, or toxic–eg cocaine, antiretroviral agents, lead, cobalt, ethanol, phenothiazines insults; ±20% of DCs, there is a familial component Prognosis Often progresses to CHF accompanied by mitral and tricuspid valve insufficiency Complications Conduction defects–eg atrial & ventricular tachyarrhythmias and fibrillation Management Supportive–eg rest, weight control, smoking cessation, ↓ physical activity during exacerbation; therapies that may be effective include ACE inhibitors, anticoagulation, digoxin, diuretics, implantable defibillators, nitrates, potassium, magnesium repletion Investigational modalities Amiodarone, amlodipine, beta-blockers, dual-chamber pacing, felodipine, pimobendan, vesnarinone; recombinant hGH has been reported to ↑ myocardial mass and ↓ left ventricular chamber size, resulting in improved hemodynamics, myocardial energy metabolism, clinical status

Beck·er dis·ease

(bek'ĕr di-zēz')
An obscure South African cardiomyopathy leading to rapidly fatal congestive heart failure and idiopathic mural endomyocardial disease.
Synonym(s): dilated cardiomyopathy.

Dilated cardiomyopathy

Also called congestive cardiomyopathy; cardiomyopathy in which the walls of the heart chambers stretch, enlarging the heart ventricles so they can hold a greater volume of blood than normal.
References in periodicals archive ?
Genetic counseling and screening issues in familial dilated cardiomyopathy. J Genet Couns 2001;10(5):397-415.
Canine Dilated Cardiomyopathy Drug Sales, Revenue and Gross Margin (2014-2019)
Clinic, radiologic, electrocardiographic and echocardiographic findings in two dogs with dilated cardiomyopathy. Saglik Bilimleri Dergisi, 20(3):247-55, 2011.
Idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy in dogs - Survival and prognostic indicators.
The first step in the development of idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy might be a viral myocarditis.
Bayes-Genis, "Vascular dysfunction in idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy," Nature Reviews Cardiology, vol.
Francone, "Role of cardiac magnetic resonance in the evaluation of dilated cardiomyopathy: diagnostic contribution and prognostic significance," ISRN Radiology, vol.
Expression of microRNAs 208 is associated with adverse clinical outcomes in human dilated cardiomyopathy. Journal of Cardiac Failure, v.16, n.5, p.404-410, 2010.
He was diagnosed with dilated cardiomyopathy following echocardiography evaluation done from outside and was put on medical therapy since six months of his age.
Autoantibodies Against cardiac troponin I are responsible for dilated cardiomyopathy in PD-1-deficient mice.
After diuresis an echo-Doppler study and cardiac catheterization confirm a dilated cardiomyopathy primarily involving the left-sided chambers, a left ventricular ejection fraction of 20% and moderate mitral and tricuspid regurgitation.
about a family with dilated cardiomyopathy (dCMP) and arterial hypertension (AHT) in four members being attributed to the m.8701A>G variant in the ATP6 gene.[sup][1] We have the following comments and concerns.