diglyceride


Also found in: Dictionary, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

diglyceride

 [di-glis´er-īd]
a glyceride containing two fatty acid molecules in ester linkage.

diglyceride

(dī-glĭs′ə-rīd′)
n.
An ester of two fatty acids and glycerol.
References in periodicals archive ?
Diglycerides and monoglycerides are the intermediates in this process.
where C is the concentration of components such as Jatropha curcas triglyceride (JTG), Jatropha curcas diglyceride (JDG), Jatropha curcas monoglyceride (JMG), glycerol (GL), Jatropha curcas methyl ester (JME), and methanol (MeOH) and k is the effective rate constant of each stepwise reaction.
The aim of the study is to estimate the influence of mono- and diglycerides on tribological properties of rapeseed oil.
Another reason is related to free fatty acids, monoglycerides, and diglycerides which are in trace components of biodiesel (Tables 2 and 3).
Methyl esters of fatty acid, 1.3 diglyceride, 1.2 diglyceride, 1-monoglyceride, 2-monoglyceride and the whole oil were prepared with boron triflouride methanol reagent according to the method described by Morrison and Smith [12].
The specific JME fuel properties that include density at 15[degrees]C, calorific value, flash point, cetane value, specific gravity at 15[degrees]C, viscosity at 40[degrees]C, water content, ash content, acid value, monoglyceride, diglyceride, triglyceride, free glycerine, total ester content, and total glycerine contents were evaluated with a fuel property testing equipment built on the ASTM standards (D2624, D3828) and European standards (EN 14105) such as calorimeter, fuel test kit, and gas chromatograph (Shimadzu-GC-2010 Plus) fitted with a flame ionization detector FID2010 Plus and a capillary column of size 30 m x 0.25 mm x 0.25 [micro]m.
The committed enzyme catalyzing the first and rate-limiting step of TG hydrolysis is adipose triglyceride lipase (ATGL), which hydrolyzes TG to generate diglyceride (DG) and free fatty acids [9, 10].
In this article, the molar ratio of ethanolamine to soybean oil was adjusted to about 1:1 in the aminolysis reaction so that one soybean oil molecule could be converted into one fatty ethanolamide and one diglyceride, both of which have only one hydroxyl group.
The baking ingredients were as follows; whole wheat flour (Shams Azar Co.), brown rice flour (Aryana Co.), the emulsifiers monoglyceride and diglyceride (Distld), baking yeast (Iran Molass Co.), salt (Hedyeh Co.) and polyethylene bags.
performed a study for microemulsion area in phase diagram and concluded that the mixture of lipids (medium chain fatty acids) composed of monoglyceride: diglyceride or triglyceride in 1: 1 ratio produced expanded microemulsion phase and reduced gel phase which is suitable for oral administration [25].