diglossia

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Related to diglossic: morphology

tongue

 [tung]
a muscular organ on the floor of the mouth; it aids in chewing, swallowing, and speech, and is the location of organs of taste. The taste buds are located in the papillae, which are projections on the upper surface of the tongue. The condition of the tongue can sometimes be a guide to the general condition of the body. glossitis (inflammation of the tongue) can accompany anemia, scarlet fever, nutritional deficiencies, and most general infections. Sometimes it is part of an adverse reaction to medication. One form of glossitis causes a smooth tongue, with a red, glazed appearance. A coated or furry tongue may be present in a variety of illnesses, but does not necessarily indicate illness. A dry tongue sometimes indicates insufficiency of fluids in the body, or it may result from fever. When the tongue is extremely dry and has a leathery appearance, the cause may be uremia.
The tongue, showing principal structures. From Dorland's, 2000.
bifid tongue a tongue with a lengthwise cleft.
black tongue (black hairy tongue) hairy tongue in which the hypertrophied filiform papillae are brown or black; called also lingua nigra, melanoglossia, and nigrities linguae.
cleft tongue bifid tongue.
coated tongue one covered with a white or yellow layer of desquamated epithelium, debris, bacteria, fungi, or other material.
fissured tongue (furrowed tongue) a tongue with numerous furrows or grooves on the dorsal surface, often radiating from a groove on the midline.
geographic tongue a tongue with denuded patches, surrounded by thickened epithelium.
hairy tongue a benign condition of the tongue characterized by hypertrophy of the filiform papillae that gives the dorsum of the tongue a furry appearance. The color of the elongated papillae varies from yellowish white to brown or black, depending upon staining by substances such as tobacco, foods, or drugs.
raspberry tongue a diffusely reddened and swollen, uncoated tongue, as seen several days after the onset of the rash in scarlet fever.
scrotal tongue fissured tongue.
strawberry tongue, red raspberry t.
strawberry tongue, white the white-coated tongue with prominent red papillae characteristic of the early stage of scarlet fever; the coating desquamates, leaving a beefy red (raspberry) tongue.

di·glos·si·a

(dī-glos'ē-ă),
A developmental condition that results in a longitudinal split in the tongue. See: bifid tongue.
[G. di-, two, + glōssa, tongue]

di·glos·si·a

(dī-glos'ē-ă)
A developmental defect that results in a longitudinal split in the tongue.
See also: bifid tongue
[G. di-, two, + glōssa, tongue]

di·glos·si·a

(dī-glos'ē-ă)
A developmental condition that results in a longitudinal split in tongue.
[G. di-, two, + glōssa, tongue]

diglossia

bifid tongue.
References in periodicals archive ?
Chitiga, in Hachipola (1998) deplores the existing diglossic situation whereby English takes the prominent position in the people's lives.
This would involve encouraging the Scottish middle class to re-engage with the language as an oral vernacular, for use in low domains, whilst retaining English as the language of high, literate domains (similar to the diglossic language policy in German-speaking Switzerland).
The impact of phonemic and lexical distance on the phonological analysis of words and pseudowords in a diglossic context.
Although Valencian is now present in domains in which it was forbidden in the past, the use of the language seems to be still rather diglossic and limited to private contexts of interaction such as the home or local stores in certain neighborhoods.
The diglossic relationship between Italian and dialect, established with the sixteenth-century codification of Italian and invention of the notion of "dialect," had been unstable almost as soon as it came into being, as Italian was increasingly used for spheres of activity that were predominantly the domain of dialect.
9) Elizabeth Kaske sets out the best explanation we have had of the diglossic model in her magisterial, see The Politics of Language in Chinese Education, 1895-1919 (Leiden: Brill, 2008), 1-7.
Diglossic needs of illiterate adult women in Egypt.
Contrastive studies of Arabic and English: The Diglossic Parameter.
More than being merely post-modern devices for disrupting linear narratives and canonical stories, anecdotes and digressions naturally follow from O'Brien's diglossic view on language and his satiric charge against linguistic oppression.
In the Valencia region, there is a diglossic bilingualism with Spanish as the formal language and Catalan as a non-formal language (although it is taught at the schools at least as a subject).
Laws of linguistic normalization passed in the respective Autonomous Communities during the early 1980s thrust each of these languages into public life, concomitantly disconfiguring their diglossic relationship to Castilian, a vestige of Franco's staunch one language-one nation ideology.
A diglossic situacion can be said to exist when a minority language is rectricted in use to a limited number of domains, such as home and school, while the major language is used in other more numerous and often more prestigious domains, such as workplace, hospital, local government (O'Connell 2007: 215).