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Related to diglossic: morphology


a muscular organ on the floor of the mouth; it aids in chewing, swallowing, and speech, and is the location of organs of taste. The taste buds are located in the papillae, which are projections on the upper surface of the tongue. The condition of the tongue can sometimes be a guide to the general condition of the body. glossitis (inflammation of the tongue) can accompany anemia, scarlet fever, nutritional deficiencies, and most general infections. Sometimes it is part of an adverse reaction to medication. One form of glossitis causes a smooth tongue, with a red, glazed appearance. A coated or furry tongue may be present in a variety of illnesses, but does not necessarily indicate illness. A dry tongue sometimes indicates insufficiency of fluids in the body, or it may result from fever. When the tongue is extremely dry and has a leathery appearance, the cause may be uremia.
The tongue, showing principal structures. From Dorland's, 2000.
bifid tongue a tongue with a lengthwise cleft.
black tongue (black hairy tongue) hairy tongue in which the hypertrophied filiform papillae are brown or black; called also lingua nigra, melanoglossia, and nigrities linguae.
cleft tongue bifid tongue.
coated tongue one covered with a white or yellow layer of desquamated epithelium, debris, bacteria, fungi, or other material.
fissured tongue (furrowed tongue) a tongue with numerous furrows or grooves on the dorsal surface, often radiating from a groove on the midline.
geographic tongue a tongue with denuded patches, surrounded by thickened epithelium.
hairy tongue a benign condition of the tongue characterized by hypertrophy of the filiform papillae that gives the dorsum of the tongue a furry appearance. The color of the elongated papillae varies from yellowish white to brown or black, depending upon staining by substances such as tobacco, foods, or drugs.
raspberry tongue a diffusely reddened and swollen, uncoated tongue, as seen several days after the onset of the rash in scarlet fever.
scrotal tongue fissured tongue.
strawberry tongue, red raspberry t.
strawberry tongue, white the white-coated tongue with prominent red papillae characteristic of the early stage of scarlet fever; the coating desquamates, leaving a beefy red (raspberry) tongue.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.


A developmental condition that results in a longitudinal split in the tongue. See: bifid tongue.
[G. di-, two, + glōssa, tongue]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012


A developmental defect that results in a longitudinal split in the tongue.
See also: bifid tongue
[G. di-, two, + glōssa, tongue]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012


A developmental condition that results in a longitudinal split in tongue.
[G. di-, two, + glōssa, tongue]
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
lack of prestige or the underestimation of non official or co-official varieties), which, despite attempts made by different institutions and organisations to defend the language, hinder their evolution from a diglossic to a prestigious situation in which the language is used in all contexts.
The coexistence of Nahuatl and Spanish has long constituted a diglossic (1) context, or a society where two languages are in use.
The L-variety in a diglossic situation is often used in informal setting and is not acquired through any formal education.
(20) Although neither Ting nor Sagart say as much, I think the real answer to the problem of polysyllabicity and the characters is that the "high" diglossic style has long involved monosyllabic character-readings, while much more diverse forms have existed in regional speech.
Interviews and questionnaire results are presented through vignettes which indicate that social factors play a role in language choice in this diglossic environment between Spanish and Guarani.
Sranan in both Surinam and the Netherlands exists in a diglossic relationship with Dutch, which is used for all official purposes, but Sranan is so unlike Dutch.
Because of this, Tarone and Swain (1995) hypothesize that immersion classrooms will become increasingly diglossic as the learners get older.
This sociolinguistic study investigated the hypothesis that the Indonesian language (IL) is encroaching upon Banjarese Malay (BM), focusing on the fact that these two related languages form a diglossic situation, whereby IL performs the high function and BM performs the low function.
First, one may refuse to grant status to apabhra[dot{m}][acute{s]]as, so that for [acute{i}]stas a translation situation obtains: they interact with those who use apabhra[dot{m}][acute{s}]as normally but they understand in terms of their own usage--something akin to a "pidgin." Alternatively, they may accept a true diglossic status, using the accepted norm among themselves and interacting with others in their own vernacular.
Iqaluit may be rightfully considered a diglossic community, since both languages are needed on a daily basis.
39 he claims that the "concept of Arabic as 'diglossic' language (if ever accurate) is now a misleading oversimplification," since there is no such thing as pure MSA or pure dialect.
The complexities mostly relate to the diglossic situation of the language, which is making reading in Arabic an overly arduous process.