The following tests were carried out on the subjects (study and control) in a relaxed state and privacy was given utmost importance: Rye's auditory verbal learning test (AVLT), verbal fluency test (VFT) and working digit span test
(WDST) to assess short-term memory, visual reproduction test (VRT), and validation span test (VST) were used to assess working memory.
According to individual comparison, we concluded that the group with mild injury was different on picture completion and digit span test
significantly from the group with moderate injury.
All tasks were administered to all participants individually in the following order: 1) The digit span test
5,6,11,12) Neurocognitive performance was assessed by comparing the low and high functioning groups with the controls for digit span test
, Trail Making Test, Stroop Colour Test, and verbal learning and memory test.
Visual Aural Digit Span Test
Form B (VADS-B): VADS-B, which was developed by Karakas and Yalin (50,51), is modeled on the Visual Aural Digit Span Test
(VADS), which is designed to assess short-term memory capacity (52).
The primary endpoints were Inattention/Overactivity (I/O) with Aggression Conners Behavior Rating Scale (IOWA) and Digit Span Test
at week 12 compared with baseline.
Auditory working memory was assessed using a modified recorded version of the Digit Span Test
(DS), a subtest of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-3rd edition (WAIS-III) .
Table 2 shows the results of linear regression analysis between age, educational attainment, leisure, depression, and subjective memory perception (MAC-Q) variables and performance on the Verbal Fluency Test, Buschke Free and Cued Selective Reminding Test, Mini-Mental Status Examination, and Digit Span test
Forward and Backward Digit Span Test
of the WISCIII intelligence scale (Wechsler, 1991), which aims to evaluate components of working memory: the phonological loop (direct order) and the central executive (reverse order).
Digit span test
and Word span test from the Weshlers memory scale revised (WMS-R) were used to assess attention /working memory and processing speed
Researches reflect difficulties of verbal working memory of patients with schizophrenia as depicted through digit span test
(Karatekin and Asarnow, 1997; Conklin, 2000).
Patients with TBI showed significant improvements on the Stroop task and Digit Span Test
following Jin Shin acupressure sessions in a randomized, single-blind, sham acupressure-controlled clinical trial, Kristina L.