diffuse alveolar damage
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a·dult res·pi·ra·to·ry dis·tress syn·drome (ARDS),
acute lung injury from a variety of causes, characterized by interstitial or alveolar edema and hemorrhage as well as perivascular pulmonary edema associated with hyaline membrane formation, proliferation of collagen fibers, and swollen epithelium with increased pinocytosis.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
diffuse alveolar damageA term of art referring to the histologic findings in adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), which is characterised by an acute onset of diffuse pulmonary infiltrates.
AIDS, air embolism, fat embolism, aspiration of gastric content, cardiopulmonary bypass, connective tissue disease (lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, scleroderma, dermatomyositis), DIC, drugs (either therapeutic—e.g., bleomycin, busulfan, cytoxan, methotrexate, nitrofurantoin—or drugs of abuse), heat injury, haemosiderosis, high altitude, iatrogenic (PEEP), infection (viruses, e.g., herpes, CMV; protozoans, e.g., Toxoplasma gondii, Pneumocystis jiroveci), molar pregnancy, noxious fumes (e.g., beryllium, cadmium, mercury, zinc), toxins (e.g., ammonia, kerosene, paraquat, phosgene), gases (e.g., CO2, NO2), (acute) pancreatitis, radiation, sepsis and endotoxins, shock, uraemia.
Goodpasture’s syndrome, hypersensitivity pneumonitis, multisystem organ failure, pneumonia (aspiration, bacterial, eosinophilic, nosocomial, Pneumocystis jiroveci, ventilator-related), respiratory failure, sepsis, shock (haemorrhagic, septic, toxic), perioperative lung management, toxicity (heroin, paraquat, salicylates), transfusion reaction, tumor lysis, ventilation.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.
diffuse alveolar damageDAD The histologic findings in ARDS, which is characterized by an acute onset of diffuse pulmonary infiltrates Etiology AIDS, air embolism, cardiopulmonary bypass, connective tissue disease–SLE, rheumatoid arthritis, scleroderma, dermatomyositis, drugs–therapeutic–eg, bleomycin, busulfan, cytoxan, MTX, nitrofurantoin or drugs of abuse, eosinophilic granuloma, heat injury, hemosiderosis, high altitude, iatrogenic–PEEP, infections–viruses–eg, herpes, CMV; protozoans–eg, toxoplasma, pneumocystis, molar pregnancy, noxious fumes–eg beryllium, cadmium, mercury, zinc, toxins–eg ammonia, kerosene, paraquat, phosgene, or gases–eg CO2, NO2, acute pancreatitis, shock, uremia. See Adult respiratory distress syndrome.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.