differential diagnosis


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Related to differential diagnosis: Differential equations

diagnosis

 [di″ag-no´sis]
1. determination of the nature of a cause of a disease.
2. a concise technical description of the cause, nature, or manifestations of a condition, situation, or problem. adj., adj diagnos´tic.
clinical diagnosis diagnosis based on signs, symptoms, and laboratory findings during life.
differential diagnosis the determination of which one of several diseases may be producing the symptoms.
medical diagnosis diagnosis based on information from sources such as findings from a physical examination, interview with the patient or family or both, medical history of the patient and family, and clinical findings as reported by laboratory tests and radiologic studies.
nursing diagnosis see nursing diagnosis.
physical diagnosis diagnosis based on information obtained by inspection, palpation, percussion, and auscultation.
diagnosis-Related Groups (DRG) a system of classification or grouping of patients according to medical diagnosis for purposes of paying hospitalization costs. In 1983, amendments to Social Security contained a prospective payment plan for most Medicare inpatient services in the United States. The payment plan was intended to control rising health care costs by paying a fixed amount per patient. The program of DRG reimbursement was based on the premise that similar medical diagnoses would generate similar costs for hospitalization. Therefore, all patients admitted for a surgical procedure such as hernia repair would be charged the same amount regardless of actual cost to the hospital. If a patient's hospital bill should total less than the amount paid by Medicare, the hospital is allowed to keep the difference. If, however, a patient's bill is more than that reimbursed by Medicare for a specific diagnosis, the hospital must absorb the difference in cost. See also appendix of Diagnosis-Related Groups.

dif·fer·en·tial di·ag·no·sis

the determination of which of two or more diseases with similar symptoms is the one from which the patient is suffering, by a systematic comparison and contrasting of the clinical findings.
Synonym(s): differentiation (2)

differential diagnosis

1. A list of conditions that may cause a particular clinical sign or symptom.
2. The arrival at a diagnosis by means of comparing the similarities and differences in various clinical signs.

dif·fer·en·tial di·ag·no·sis

(dif'ĕr-en'shăl dī-ăg-nō'sis)
The determination of which of two or more diseases with similar symptoms is the one the patient has, by a systematic comparison and contrasting of the clinical findings.
Synonym(s): differentiation (2) .

differential diagnosis

See DIAGNOSIS.

Differential diagnosis

Comparing and contrasting the signs, symptoms, and laboratory findings of two or more diseases to determine which is causing the patient's condition.

dif·fer·en·tial di·ag·no·sis

(dif'ĕr-en'shăl dī-ăg-nō'sis)
Determination of which of two or more diseases with similar symptoms is the one with which the patient is afflicted, by a systematic comparison and contrasting of the clinical findings.
Synonym(s): differentiation (2) .
References in periodicals archive ?
The early stages of infectious diseases caused by bacteria and viruses show NLR changes.25 There are numerous studies indicating that NLR is significant in the differential diagnosis of appendicitis compared to healthy volunteers when it is above 3.5.26,27 In recent years, a number of studies have shown that NLR works in determining the severity of appendicitis.28,29 The present study indicated that the NLR was useful in differentiating acute appendicitis.
The differential diagnosis of a thecoma, assuming a strict definition used, is relatively narrow.
In the differential diagnosis of pleural effusions, do we choose 'traditional' or 'novelty' test items?
Rather, a proper understanding of the anatomical spaces of the neck can aid considerably in formulating a differential diagnosis of pathologic processes involving the contents of that space and providing better care for our patients.
The principle consideration in the differential diagnosis of a mass in the parotid region is whether the salivary gland neoplasia is benign or malign.
The more accurate name for the technique as used in litigation is "differential etiology." Yet, courts persist in calling it a differential diagnosis and sometimes confuse the medical standard for diagnosing an illness with the legal standard for determining cause and effect.
Providing a good history, provisional and differential diagnosis to the pathologist while sending skin biopsy yields a high accuracy in pathological report.
"The DSM differential diagnosis content was developed to help clinicians improve diagnostic skills and to foster correct use of the new DSM-5 classification system," said Michael B.
30 July 2014 - US privately owned diagnostics company Intrinsic LifeSciences (ILS) said Tuesday it had received a Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase II grant from the National Institute of Health (NIH), worth USD 4.45 million (EUR 3.3m), to validate its Hepcidin Index test for the differential diagnosis of a recently discovered genetic iron disorder, Iron Refractory Iron Deficiency Anemia (IRIDA), from other acquired forms of microcytic anemia.
It also addresses specific diseases, pathophysiology, diagnosis, differential diagnosis, preoperative concerns, medical management, prognosis, anesthesia, surgical anatomy, wound healing, postoperative issues, potential complications, and special age considerations, as well as general principles related to surgical asepsis, sterile technique (with new material on scrubless and waterless surgeon and patient prep solutions), instrumentation and facilities, biomaterials, suturing, homeostasis, preoperative care, antibiotic use and infections, postoperative care (including nutrition), physical rehabilitation, and multimodal analgesic therapy (expanded for this edition).
AWE usually develops in relation to a previous surgical scar and should be considered in the differential diagnosis of any young adult female patient with an abdominal wall mass.

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