dicloxacillin


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dicloxacillin

 [di-kloks″ah-sil″in]
a semisynthetic penicillinase-resistant penicillin used as the sodium salt, primarily in the treatment of infections due to penicillinase-resistant staphylococci.

dicloxacillin

(dī-klŏk′sə-sĭl′ĭn)
n.
A semisynthetic penicillin, C19H17Cl2N3O5S, that is resistant to penicillinase, used in the form of its sodium salt primarily to treat infections caused by penicillinase-producing staphylococcus bacteria.
References in periodicals archive ?
Antibiotic [K.sub.i] Dicloxacillin sodium salt hydrate 0.85 [+ or -] 20% nM Cloxacillin sodium monohydrate 1.37 [+ or -] 20% nM Oxacillin sodium monohydrate 3.73 [+ or -] 20% nM Cefalexin 17.1 [+ or -] 20% [micro]M Cefalonium hydrate 82.6 [+ or -] 20% [micro]M Cefoperazone dehydrate 166 [+ or -] 20% [micro]M
Case reports have suggested that the commonly used antibiotic dicloxacillin reduces warfarin's anticoagulant effects, but no studies have examined the issue, said Anton Pottegard, Ph.D., of the department of clinical pharmacology, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, and his associates (JAMA 2015;314:296-7).
We found diverse sensitivity frequencies, however, to other antibiotics: 86.96% to dicloxacillin, 82.61% to cefuroxime, 82.61% to tetracycline, 69.56% to erythromycin, 69.56% to trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, 52.17% to ceftazidime, 39.13% to ampicillin, 30.43% to penicillin, 26.09% to pefloxacin, and 17.39% to cephalothin (Table 1); 9%-14% of the isolates showed multiresistance to one or more of the following antibiotics: ampicillin, erythromycin, tetracycline, dicloxacillin, and trimethoprimsulfamethoxazole, which are the basic antibiotics used in Mexico for the treatment of listeriosis (Table 2).
Spectrophotometric study of the reaction mechanism between DDQ as [pi]-acceptor and potassium iodate and flucloxacillin and dicloxacillin drugs and their determination in pure and in dosage forms.
We have tried several antibiotics like dicloxacillin, angmentin, ciproffaxacin, cyclosporin, etc., without any luck.
Pasteurella organisms are not susceptible to cephalexin or dicloxacillin, he said.
Treatment would consist of penicillin, dicloxacillin, amoxicillin, ticarcillin, methicillin, or vancomycin for a highly resistant bacteria strain (Gilbert, Moellering, Eliopoulos, & Sande, 2005).
The good news about the community-acquired strain is that while resistant to the usual anti-Staph drugs like cephalexin (Keflex) or dicloxacillin (Dynapen, Diclox), it can be cured by some common, older antibiotics.
The first case was in a premature (1,180 g at birth) quadruplet born to an Algerian mother who developed mastitis the day after delivery and was treated with dicloxacillin. Her breast milk was collected 3 days later and fed to the quadruplets.
In particular, this patent relates to products that include a cephalosporin (such as cefuroxime and/or cefpodoxime) or a penicillin (such as amoxicillin or dicloxacillin), as well as derivatives thereof.
Nafcillin is changed to dicloxacillin 500 mg orally every hours when the patient is tolerating liquids by mouth.
During pre-trip planning, the author's team made provisions to ensure that large quantities of the following medications were available for the mission: (a) topical Permethrin for scabies, (b) Permethrin 1% rinse or Pyrethrin shampoo for pediculosis, (c) topical tolnaftate liquid for fungal infections, (d) oral erythromycin (40 mg/kg/day for 10 days) for impetigo, and (e) oral erythromycin (40 mg/kg/day for 10 days) or oral dicloxacillin (50 to 100 mg/kg/day for 10 days) for cellulitis.