diazoxide


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diazoxide

 [di″az-ok´sīd]
a rapid-acting antihypertensive agent without diuretic activity; it has a longer duration of action than other rapid-acting antihypertensives, and is administered intravenously in treatment of malignant hypertension. It also inhibits insulin release and is therefore administered orally to treat hypoglycemia due to hyperinsulinism.

diazoxide

A vasodilator drug used to treat severe high blood pressure (HYPERTENSION) and HYPOGLYCAEMIA. A brand name is Eudemine.
References in periodicals archive ?
Diazoxide choline controlled-release tablet is a novel, proprietary extended-release, crystalline salt formulation of diazoxide, which is administered once-daily.
Two cases of potential toxicity of diazoxide with pericardial effusion have been previously reported (2,3).
Soleno conceived of and established extensive patent protection on the therapeutic use of diazoxide and DCCR in patients with PWS.
Hyperammonemia also cannot be controlled by diazoxide. In the current study, 85% (22/26) of patients exhibited a characteristic of a 3-5-fold persistent elevation in serum ammonia concentrations.
Two of them had immediate disease progression due to distant metastases (liver and lung, liver and jejunal mesentery): one of them was treated with a somatostatin analogue and the other one with diazoxide, prednisolone, and streptozotocin.
As mentioned before, surgical resection is the only radical method for treatment of insulinoma, but diazoxide and octreotide have been used as medical treatment for suppression of insulin secretion [3].
After delayed preconditioning induced by diazoxide or 48 hours after siRNA transfection, H9c2 cells were cultured in a specific temperature-controlled culture dish.
Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium (DMEM), Streptozotocin (STZ), Methanol, fetal calf serum, glucose, glutamine, penicillin, streptomycin, diazoxide, 3-Isobutyl-1-methylxanthine (IBMX), calcium chloride, potassium chloride, ethylene glycol tetra acetic acid (EGTA) and 3-(4, 5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2, 5- Diphenyltetrazolium Bromide (MTT) reagents were procured from Sigma Aldrich (Bangalore, India).
c) Individual taking medication like Glucocorticoids, Thyroid hormone, Diazoxide, Phenytoin, pentamidine, OCP.
Mitochondria-derived reactive oxygen species and vascular MAP kinases: Comparison of angiotensin II and diazoxide. Hypertension 45(3):438-444, 2005.
Pretreating nerve cells with diazoxide, a selective opener of mito[K.sub.ATP] channels, induces the phosphorylation of protein kinase C (PKC)-[epsilon], as well as the opening of mito[K.sub.ATP] channels, thereby forming a system of positive feedback regulation (14).
Discontinuation of the salt-retaining and vasodilating drugs (e.g., diazoxide) will alleviate leg swelling if the edema is related to medications.