diastematomyelia


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diastematomyelia

 [di″ah-stem″ah-to-mi-e´le-ah]
abnormal congenital division of the spinal cord by a bony spicule or fibrous band protruding from a vertebra or two, each of the halves being surrounded by a dural sac.

di·a·ste·ma·to·my·e·li·a

(dī'ă-stē'mă-tō-mī-ē'lē-ă), [MIM*222500]
Complete or incomplete sagittal division of the spinal cord by an osseous or fibrocartilaginous septum.
[G. diastēma, interval, + myelon, marrow]

di·a·ste·ma·to·my·e·li·a

(dī'ă-stē'mă-tō-mī-ē'lē-ă)
Complete or incomplete sagittal division of the spinal cord by an osseous or fibrocartilaginous septum.
[G. diastēma, interval, + myelon, marrow]
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References in periodicals archive ?
Tia, who has diastematomyelia - a condition where part of the spinal cord is spilt - was undergoing spinal surgery on September 18, 2017 to untether the cord.
Stuart has scoliosis and kyphosis - curvature of the spine - and a split in the spinal column known as diastematomyelia.
Surprisingly, lower cord diastematomyelia with spinal tethered cord syndrome (a.k.a.
Spina bifida occulta in humans is usually accompanied by various physical abnormalities such as lipoma, rachischisis, hair tufts, ectodermal sinuses, skin pigmentation, or diastematomyelia. These associated defects occur in either syndromic or nonsyndromic NTDs.
Occult spinal dysraphisms (skin-covered lesions with no exposed neural tissue) include lipomyelocele, lipomyelomeningocele dorsal dermal sinus, and diastematomyelia, and are the most common indication for spinal imaging in children.
Maximum number of patients are in the age group of 4049, of these patients 52 patient's MRI study is within normal limits; 142 patients have degenerative disc disease and 24 patients had infective pathology (infective discitis), 2 patients had secondary deposits in the vertebral bodies; 20 patients have other findings like bony canal stenosis, hemivertebrae, block vertebrae or diastematomyelia or perineural cysts.
Occult spinal dysraphism and spinal cord anomalies including syrinx, low-lying conus, diastematomyelia, spinal lipoma, and tethered cord are frequent [10].
A study based on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) from Peshawar8 reported that out of the 60 patients who underwent multiplanar MRI lumbosacral spine examination, 17(28.3%) had spinal dysraphism, with 15 patients having spina bifida, 11 had tethered cord, 10 had a myelomeningocoele, 7 had a diastematomyelia, 6 had associated spinal lipomas, 3 had a dermal sinus tract, 2 had myelocoeles and 1 had an associated dermoid cyst.
Faun tail with aplasia cutis congenita and diastematomyelia. Dermatology.
Epidermoid tumors are often related to developmental anomalies, such as spina bifida, dermal sinus, meningomyelocele, and diastematomyelia. Desquamated cells containing keratohyalin, which is encased within a capsule of well-differentiated stratified squamous epithelium, are formed (1).
This neoplasm is usually diagnosed in the first two decades of life and often (42 % cases) it is associated with spinal malformations like syringomyelia or spina bifida, myelomeningocele, diastematomyelia or tethered cord [5, 6].
* diastematomyelia (a longitudinal split in the spinal cord, usually the result of an osseous or fibrous band that forms 2 hemicords)