dialysis disequilibrium


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disequilibrium

 [dis″e-kwĭ-lib´re-um]
dialysis disequilibrium dialysis dysequilibrium syndrome.

dialysis disequilibrium syndrome

A neurologic condition linked to dialysis with signs of cerebral oedema.

Clinical finding
Headaches (often bilateral with throbbing), nausea, muscle cramps, hypertension, irritability, agitation, drowsiness, convulsions.
 
Mechanism
Uncertain; attributed to increased urea or organic compounds, either of which result in reverse osmosis.

dialysis disequilibrium

A disturbance in which nausea, vomiting, drowsiness, headache, and seizures occur shortly after the patient begins hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis. The cause is related to the rapid correction of metabolic abnormalities in the uremic patient. Synonym: disequilibrium syndrome
References in periodicals archive ?
Dialysis disequilibrium syndrome: An unusual cause of respiratory failure in the medical intensive care unit.
The use of urea containing dialysate to avoid dialysis disequilibrium syndrome, enabling intensive dialysis treatment of a diabetic patient with renal failure and severe metformin induced lactic acidosis.
Papilledema associated with dialysis disequilibrium syndrome.