dialysate


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Related to dialysate: hemodialysis

dialysate

 [di-al´ĭ-sāt]
1. the fluid and solutes in a dialysis process that simply flow through the dialyzer and do not pass through the semipermeable membrane, being discarded along with removed toxic substances after they flow back out of the dialyzer.
2. diffusate (def. 2).

di·al·y·sate

(dī-al'i-sāt),
That part of a mixture that passes through a dialyzing membrane; the material that does not pass through is referred to as the retentate.
Synonym(s): diffusate

di·al·y·sate

(dī-al'i-sāt)
That part of a mixture that passes through a dialyzing membrane.
Synonym(s): diffusate.

Dialysate

A chemical bath used in dialysis to draw fluids and toxins out of the bloodstream and supply electrolytes and other chemicals to the bloodstream.
Mentioned in: Dialysis, Kidney
References in periodicals archive ?
At the end of the first dialysis session of the week, serum bicarbonate was 22.3 [+ or -] 2.7 mEq/L, which is 9 mEq/L below the dialysate bicarbonate concentration.
It is also advised that the APD machine be equipped with a complete automatic monitoring and alarm device to ensure the safety of the treatment,[17],[18] which includes a temperature control system, dialysate measurement system, dialysate sequential flow control system, pressure sensing control system, and liquid discharge alarm system.
In most cases, dialysate sodium and bicarbonate modification was dictated by researchers and clinicians' experience, as well as baseline bicarbonate level (Apsner et al., 2001; Apsner et al., 2005; Buturovic et al., 2008; Buturovic-Ponikvar et al., 2005; Buturovic-Ponikvar et al., 2008a; Evenepoel et al., 2007; Gubensek et al., 2007; Richtrova et al., 2011; Singer et al., 2016; Strobl et al., 2013; Wright et al., 2011).
Risks to Individuals of Exposure to Improperly Prepared Water or Dialysate
In PD patients, the cloudy dialysate may lead to initiation of unnecessary antibiotics and delayed investigations.
Water (pre- and post-osmosis) and dialysate samples of approximately 200 mL were collected using sterile flasks.
All other microbiological techniques and estimation of lipolytic activity in cell-free dialysate (x 10) were as mentioned before.
Potential protective strategies against DDS have been proposed in the literature, including slower blood and dialysate flows, smaller surface area dialyzer membranes, and high sodium and low bicarbonate concentrations in the dialysate [14].
The method can be applied with dialysates prepared with albumin in classic hemodialysis devices and therefore it seems that it will have a wider area of use compared with complex and high-cost systems including molecular adsorbent recirculating system (MARS).
Very few nephrologists will choose to continue PD treatment while the patient has persistent leaking of dialysate. The usual management is cessation of PD and conversion to temporary haemodialysis for 2-4 weeks.2,3 In order to avoid the inconvenience of changing to heamodialysis, some authors dialyze patients by using low volume intermittent PD;4 or Automated PD at night with icodextrin at daytime.5 Use of hypertonic solutions with "night time rest" had been described as well.5 Patients with recurrent pleural effusion can be managed by pleurodesis with tetracycline, talc or autologous blood.6 Diagnostic and therapeutic video-assisted thoracoscopy (VATS) allows identification and closure of any defects in the diaphragm.
The side holes and enlarged diameter of the lumen enhance drainage and absorption of dialysate. The Tenckhoff catheter also has a low incidence of leakage (Cullis et al., 2014).
Physicians usually use clinical parameters such as abdominal pain and dialysate white blood cells (WBC) to monitor treatment response.