Interfacial and emulsifying properties of diacylglycerol
Bosma et al., "Augmenting muscle diacylglycerol
and triacylglycerol content by blocking fatty acid oxidation does not impede insulin sensitivity," Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol.
Poitout, "Increasing triglyceride synthesis inhibits glucose-induced insulin secretion in isolated rat islets of Langerhans: a study using adenoviral expression of diacylglycerol
acyltransferase," Endocrinology, vol.
Most of these enzymes encountered little change in their expression levels, except for phosphatidate phosphatase (PP) and diacylglycerol
A l04-kDa diacylglycerol
kinase containing ankyrin-like repeats localizes in the cell nucleus.
Oral administration of monogalactosyl diacylglycerol
from spinach inhibits colon tumor growth in mice.
kinase, the focus of this study, plays a role in bacterial cell wall synthesis.
Lipases are a group of enzymes that catalyze the hydrolysis of triacylglycerols to diacylglycerol
, monoacylglycerol, fattyacids and glycerols at the interface between aqueous and the lipid phase.
These two molecules ultimately generate inositol triphosphate and diacylglycerol
which cause increased accumulation of intracellular calcium.
[7.] Revin VV, Yudanov MA, Revin ES, Maksimov GV, Grunyuskin IP (2006) Study of changes in the content of diacylglycerol
in nerve excitation.
Oat oil is composed of a mixture of several lipids, including triglycerides (83.4%), diacylglycerol
(8.9%), free fatty acids (6.8%), and phospholipids (0.9%), with smaller amounts of sterols, phosphatidylethanolamine, and other compounds.
Fatty acid synthase, hormone sensitive lipase, lipoprotein lipase, adipose triacylglycerol lipase, acyl-CoA, diacylglycerol
acyltransferase 2, elongase of very long-chain fatty acid 6, and [DELTA]5 and [DELTA]6 fatty acid desaturase activity was detected and showed a negative trend with an increase of salinity, and no significant differences were found among salinity groups (P > 0.05).