dextrin


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Related to dextrin: Maltodextrin

dextrin

 [dek´strin]
any of a range of glucose polymers of varying sizes formed during the hydrolysis of starch.

dex·trin

(deks'trin),
A mixture of oligo(α-1,4-d-glucose) molecules formed during the enzymic or acid hydrolysis of starch, amylopectin, or glycogen; on further hydrolysis they are converted into d-glucose. Dextrins are of much lower molecular weight than dextrans, hence not suitable as plasma expanders; dextrin (usually white dextrin) is used in pharmaceutical preparations.
Synonym(s): starch gum

dextrin

/dex·trin/ (dek´strin)
1. any one, or the mixture, of the water-soluble, intermediate polysaccharides formed during the hydrolysis of starch to sugar.
2. a preparation of such formed by boiling starch and used in pharmacy.

limit dextrin  any of the small polymers remaining after exhaustive digestion of glycogen or starch by enzymes that catalyze the removal of terminal sugar residues but that cannot cleave the linkages at branch points.

dextrin

(dĕk′strĭn) also

dextrine

(dĕk′strĭn, -strēn′)
n.
Any of various soluble polysaccharides obtained from starch by the application of heat or acids and used mainly as adhesives and thickening agents.

dextrin

a glucose polymer formed by the hydrolysis of starch. It is a tasteless, colorless, gummy substance, soluble in water. Dextrin is an intermediate during the conversion of starch into monosaccharides, such as glucose. It is used in a number of pharmaceutic products.

dex·trin

(deks'trin)
A mixture of oligo(α-1,4-d-glucose) molecules formed during the enzymic or acid hydrolysis of starch, amylopectin, or glycogen; on further hydrolysis they are converted into d-glucose. Dextrins are of much lower molecular weight than dextrans, hence not suitable as plasma expanders; used in pharmaceutical preparations.
Synonym(s): starch gum.
Dextrinclick for a larger image
Fig. 130 Dextrin . The hydrolysis of insoluble starch to soluble glucose.

dextrin

a polysaccharide carbohydrate that may form an intermediate step in the hydrolysis of insoluble starch to soluble glucose, ready for CELL RESPIRATION, TRANSLOCATION or further synthesis.

dextrin

any of a range of glucose polymers of varying sizes formed during the hydrolysis of starch.

limit dextrin
a by-product of glycogenolysis.
References in periodicals archive ?
Utilization of glucose, maltose, dextrin and cellulose by juvenile flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus).
The major findings reported here illustrate that FNP ferrofluid coated with dextrin is a good candidate for in vivo approaches without any side effects on body organs.
Added equal weights of dextrin and cellulose to yield 47 percent protein content also decreased the wet strength of the LSPI to the same extent that they decreased the wet strength of the commercial isolate (22.
The investigators found that pea dextrin efficiently masks propanal, 1-penten-3-one, hexanal and (E,E)-2,4-heptadienal.
m/s) MIE (mJ) Cellulose 229 100-300 480-500 Cellulose 122 10-25 340-360 Acetate Cornstarch 202 100-300 380-400 Dextrin 168 50-100 410-430 Gelatin 23 > 500 400-420 Gum Arabic 56 > 500 420-440 Lactose 81 > 500 460-480 (Monohydrate) Lactose 188 3-5 460-480 (Anhydrous) Metallic 99-210 5-10 440-460 Stearates Methyl 157-209 > 500 360-380 Cellulose Organic 73-288 10-25 460-480 Pigments Stearic Acid 159 25-50 380-400 Sugar 138 10-25 340-360 Sources: 1.
The researchers produced these C-dots by breaking down the carbohydrate dextrin with microwaves.
Starch hydrolysis test: Capacity of the organism to hydrolyze starch into simple substances like dextrin, glucose, maltose, etc.
The trial prompted a now-ongoing prospective study of IV low-molecular-weight iron dextrin, given as a single dose over I hour to children and teens.
Soluble fiber supplements can be made from psyllium seed husk, dextrin, vegetable gums like xanthan gum or guar gum, or inulin.
For the sample compound used in this study, dextrin and crocetin were mixed and filled into hard gelatin capsules.
Short-Term Digestive Tolerance of Different Doses of NUTRIOSE FB, a Food Dextrin, in Adult Men," Eur.