dextrin


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Related to dextrin: Maltodextrin

dextrin

 [dek´strin]
any of a range of glucose polymers of varying sizes formed during the hydrolysis of starch.

dex·trin

(deks'trin),
A mixture of oligo(α-1,4-d-glucose) molecules formed during the enzymic or acid hydrolysis of starch, amylopectin, or glycogen; on further hydrolysis they are converted into d-glucose. Dextrins are of much lower molecular weight than dextrans, hence not suitable as plasma expanders; dextrin (usually white dextrin) is used in pharmaceutical preparations.
Synonym(s): starch gum

dextrin

(dĕk′strĭn) also

dextrine

(dĕk′strĭn, -strēn′)
n.
Any of various soluble polysaccharides obtained from starch by the application of heat or acids and used mainly as adhesives and thickening agents.

dex·trin

(deks'trin)
A mixture of oligo(α-1,4-d-glucose) molecules formed during the enzymic or acid hydrolysis of starch, amylopectin, or glycogen; on further hydrolysis they are converted into d-glucose. Dextrins are of much lower molecular weight than dextrans, hence not suitable as plasma expanders; used in pharmaceutical preparations.
Synonym(s): starch gum.
Dextrinclick for a larger image
Fig. 130 Dextrin . The hydrolysis of insoluble starch to soluble glucose.

dextrin

a polysaccharide carbohydrate that may form an intermediate step in the hydrolysis of insoluble starch to soluble glucose, ready for CELL RESPIRATION, TRANSLOCATION or further synthesis.
References in periodicals archive ?
Tozuka, "Feasibility of highly branched cyclic dextrin as an excipient matrix in dry powder inhalers," European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, vol.
Utilization of glucose, maltose, dextrin and cellulose by juvenile flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus).
In the NOR task, in dextrin mouse (n = 12) the animals' natural inquisitiveness regarding the presence of a new object in the arena is expressed by a longer latency of the first approach to the novel object (42.7 [+ or -] 9 sec versus 17.6 [+ or -] 5.7 sec; [F.sub.3,46] = 6.47, P < 0.001, Figure 2(e)).
The available data show that the maximal biomass-specific productivity of mutants at 150 rpm and 1.10 vvm was slightly higher than at 150 rpm and 0.8 vvm, indicating that the higher initial fair values ([k.sub.L]a) reflect slightly increased biomass accumulation and dextrin consumption.
In this study, we used dextrin as a coating for biocompatibility of NPs.
Thus, we first tested this hypothesis by adding increasing amounts of soluble (dextrin) and insoluble (cellulose) carbohydrates to soy protein isolate and then tested the ABES wet strength of the resulting adhesives.
The researchers analyzed the flavor masking potential of pea dextrin in emulsions rich in [omega]-3 and [omega]-6-fatty acids.
Positive for L-alaninamide, a-ketovaleric acid, dextrin and acetic acid; whereas negative for pyruvic acid, alanine, pyruvatic acid methyl ester, thymidine, glutamic acid, AY-hydroxybutyric acid, adenosine, thymidine-5'-Monophosphate, succinic acid mono-methyl ester and D-lactic acid methyl ester (Biolog GP2 MicroPlate system; BIOLOG, USA).
As a result, real degree of fermentation is high, attenuation and residual dextrin are low, and it's dry.
Domata, Minneapolis, Minn., introduced several types of gluten-free flour made with rice flour, cornstarch and tapioca dextrin - Recipe Ready Flour, Seasoned Flour and Pizza Crust Mix.
[alpha]-Amylase can breakdown long-chain carbohydrates, ultimately yielding maltose from amylose, or maltose, glucose, and "limit dextrin" from amylopectin.
Various polysaccharides-based fluorescent nanoparticles have been reported such as fluorescein-labeled starch acetates [9], fluorescein-labeled dextran propionate [10, 11], fluorescein-labeled dextrin nanoparticles [6], magnetic fluorescent alginate nanoparticles [12], and fluorescent chitosan nanoparticles [13-15] in pieces of literature.