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The European mandrake, Mandragora officinalis, or Atropa mandragora (family Solanaceae), the mandrake mentioned in the Bible; its properties are similar to those of stramonium, hyoscyamus, and belladonna.
A trivial name given to a family of medicinal herbs of the nightshade family:
(1) Mayapple, see there; Podophyllum peltatum;
(2) A Mediterranean perennial of the nightshade family that contains alkaloids, including hyoscyamine, mandragorin and podophyllin; it was once used as an anaesthetic and sedative. The hyoscyamine in mandrake, which is a deliriant hallucinogenic tropane alkaloid, and the root’s vague resemblance to the naked human body have made it popular in neopagan religions such as Wicca and Germanic revivalism religions such as Odinism.