Herein, we employ DESI and PSI in combination with a portable MS system for the analysis of desomorphine
and its precursor codeine to show applicability to this important emerging drug.
Keywords: Krokodil; Substance use; Oral ingestion; Desomorphine
is believed to be highly addictive, "all the other sequelae of krokodil are generally thought to be a result of phosphorus" and other substances.
submission in the United States since 2004.
"DEA is investigating the matter by acquiring samples alleged to contain desomorphine
, interviewing drug abusers, and monitoring intelligence reports.
is a suspension that contains desomorphine
as its psychoactive core agent and all other agents involved in the production process.
Domestically-manufactured amphetamine- type stimulants (ATS) nicknamed "Jeff and "Vint" and a locally-produced desomorphine
opioid known as "Krokodil" have been gaining popularity.
Krokodil (crocodile) is a desomorphine
, a synthetic opiate that is created from a complex chain of mixing and chemical reactions, which addicts will perform numerous times a day to get high, (http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/europe/krokodil-the-drug-that-eats-junkies-2300787.html) The Independent reported.
During the past year, use of desomorphine
has become very popular in Kazakhstan.
One such synthetic is desomorphine
, which first appeared on the Russian market in 2003, and is as addictive as, and more toxic than, heroin.
What you get at the end of long "cooking" process is desomorphine
, a synthetic opiate many times more powerful than heroin.
A newly emerged home-made stimulant nicknamed "Krokodil" desomorphine
originally viewed as a potential alternative to morphine--is gaining popularity.