descriptive epidemiology


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Related to descriptive epidemiology: analytical epidemiology, experimental epidemiology

epidemiology

 [ep″ĭ-de″me-ol´o-je]
the science concerned with the study of the factors determining and influencing the frequency and distribution of disease, injury, and other health-related events and their causes in a defined human population for the purpose of establishing programs to prevent and control their development and spread. Also, the sum of knowledge gained in such a study.
analytic epidemiology the second stage in an epidemiologic study, in which hypotheses generated in the descriptive phase are tested.
descriptive epidemiology the first stage in an epidemiologic study, in which a disease that has occurred is examined. Data necessary in this phase include time and place of occurrence and the characteristics of the persons affected. Tentative theories regarding the cause of the disease are advanced and a hypothesis is formulated.

descriptive epidemiology

the first stage of epidemiological investigation. It focuses on describing disease distribution by characteristics relating to time, place, and person.

descriptive epidemiology

see descriptive epidemiology.
References in periodicals archive ?
In descriptive epidemiology, the most common design is that of the cross-sectional study, which involves the simultaneous collection of the data related to the exposure and the health event in a certain population, at a specific point in time.
Descriptive epidemiology of Crimean Congo Hemorrhagic Fever (CCHF) in the patients of Quetta Balochistan was studied with reference to epidemiological trends clinical profile and geographical distribution.
Robust descriptive epidemiology, a thorough environmental investigation, and the hypothesis-generation phase become even more essential.
Studies on Descriptive Epidemiology and the Natural History of Rheumatic Diseases
Designed as a study companion for Essentials of Infectious Disease Epidemiology or other introductory texts, this volume provides exercises, projects and discussion topics on historical issues of infectious diseases, descriptive epidemiology on outbreaks such as HIV/AIDS and foodborne diseases and analytical methods for treatment and classification.
A descriptive epidemiology of leisuretime physical activity in Brazil, 1996-1997.
Descriptive epidemiology of multiple sclerosis in Europe in the 1980s: a critical overview.
Although study of the descriptive epidemiology of violent deaths in American schools yields useful information on risk factors and high-risk groups, there is a need for caution since these events continue to occur in unpredictable ways.
This case definition was based on information gathered by a descriptive epidemiology investigation conducted by the MOH and partners in May 2004.
Descriptive epidemiology of malignant neoplasms of nose, nasal cavities, middle ear and accessory sinuses.
Of the 246 category assignments made, descriptive epidemiology was the most common (24 percent), followed by comparative effectiveness (17 percent) and economic assessments (12 percent).