dermatophytosis

(redirected from dermatophytoses)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia.
Related to dermatophytoses: pityriasis versicolor

dermatophytosis

 [der″mah-to-fi-to´sis]
1. any superficial fungal infection caused by a dermatophyte and involving the stratum corneum of the skin, hair, and nails, including onychomycosis and the various forms of tinea. Called also epidermomycosis and epidermophytosis.

der·ma·to·phy·to·sis

(der'mă-tō-fī-tō'sis),
An infection of the hair, skin, or nails caused by any one of the dermatophytes. The lesions may occur at any site on the body and, on the skin, are characterized by erythema, small papular vesicles, fissures, and scaling. Common sites of infection are the feet (tinea pedis), nails (onychomycosis), and scalp (tinea capitis). Compare: dermatomycosis.

dermatophytosis

/der·ma·to·phy·to·sis/ (der″mah-to-fi-to´sis)
1. epidermomycosis; any superficial fungal infection caused by a dermatophyte and involving the stratum corneum of the skin, hair, and nails, including onychomycosis and the various forms of tinea.

dermatophytosis

(dûr′mə-tō′fī-tō′sĭs)
n.
A fungal infection of the skin, especially athlete's foot.

dermatophytosis

[dur′mətō′fītō′sis]
Etymology: Gk, derma + phyton, plant, osis, condition
a superficial fungus infection involving the stratum corneum of the skin, hair, and nails, caused by Microsporum, Epidermophyton, or Trichophyton species of dermatophyte. On the trunk and upper extremities it is commonly called "ringworm" infection and is characterized by round or oval scaly patches with slightly raised borders and clearing centers. On the feet small vesicles, cracking, itching, scaling, and often secondary bacterial infections occur and are commonly called "athlete's foot." Treatment includes topical antifungal agents, as tolnaftate, clotrimazole, and undecylenic acid, and oral griseofulvin. Fingernails and toenails respond poorly to topical treatment. Also called epidermomycosis. See also tinea.
enlarge picture
Dermatophytosis
A skin infection by mould-like fungi known as dermatophytes—e.g., Trichophyton rubrum, T mentagrophytes, Microsporium canis, M gypsum, rarely also Epidermophyton spp; in children, T canis is the most common agent
DiffDx Nonfungal dermatopathies—e.g., erythema annulare, ‘herald patch’ of pityriasis rosea, atopic dermatitis, other dermatitides
Management Most resolve without therapy—otherwise, miconazole; if severe, griseofulvin

der·ma·to·phy·to·sis

(dĕr'mă-tō-fī-tō'sis)
An infection of the hair, skin, or nails caused by any one of the dermatophytes. The lesions are characterized by erythema, small papular vesicles, fissures, and scaling. Common sites of infection are the feet (tinea pedis), nails (onychomycosis), and scalp (tinea capitis).
Compare: dermatomycosis

dermatophytosis

A general term for fungus infection of the skin, often called TINEA or ‘ringworm’.

dermatophytosis

inflammation of skin, nails and hair follicles due to dermatophyte infection, causing erythema, itching, papular vesiculation, interdigital and heel fissures and skin scaling; superficial infections are common in adults, especially those with dyshidrosis, living in community, using communal sports or bathing facilities, diabetics or those on long-term antibiotic or immunosuppressive therapies (see onychomycosis; tinea pedis; Table 1)
Table 1: Treatment of fungal infections of skin and nails
Infection siteAgent
Antimycotic agent (for the treatment of dermatophytosis)
SkinTopical allylamine (e.g. 1% terbinafine cream for 7 days)
Topical imidazoles (e.g. 2% miconazole or 1% clotrimazole for 28 days)
Topical 0.25% amorolfine
Topical 1% econazole
Topical griseofulvin spray (400 μg puff daily for 14 days)
Topical 1% sulconazole
Topical tea tree (manuka) oil
Topical undecenoate (20% zinc undecenoate + 5% undecenoic acid)
Topical Whitfield's ointment (6% benzoic acid + 3% salicylic acid)
Other topicals include: weak iodine solution 2.5%; potassium permanganate paint 1%; salicylate acid cream or alcoholic solution 3-5%; benzoic acid (Whitfield's) ointment; sodium polymetaphosphate dusting powder
Systemic terbinafine (250 mg daily for 2 weeks)
Systemic itraconazole (100 mg daily for 15 days)
Systemic griseofulvin (500 mg daily )
NailTopical amorolfine 0.25% lacquer as an adjunct to systemic treatment
Topical borotannic acid complex acid; Phytex paint (1.46% salicylic acid + 4.89% tannic acid + 3.12% boric acid)
Topical 28% tioconazole lacquer
Topical undecenoate lacquer; Monphytol paint (5% methyl undecenoate + 0.7% propyl undecenoate + 3% salicylic acid + 25% methyl salicylate + 5% propyl salicylate + 3% chlorambucil)
Other topicals: strong iodine 10% solution
Systemic terbinafine (250 mg daily for 12-16 weeks)
Systemic itraconazole (400 mg for 1 week in a month, repeated overall 3 or 4 times)
Anticandidal agent (for the treatment of candidiasis)
SkinTopical antimycotic creams (1% clotrimazole; 1% econazole; 2% miconazole)
Topical nystatin (100 000 units ± 1% tolnaftate)
Antipityriasis versicolor agent (for the treatment of pityriasis versicolor)
SkinTopical 2% ketoconazole
Topical 2.5% selenium sulphide
Topical antimycotic agents (1% clotrimazole; 1% econazole; 2% miconazole; 1% sulconazole; 1% terbinafine)
Systemic fluconazole/itraconazole/ketoconazole/miconazole/voriconazole

dermatophytosis

fungal infection of the skin caused by one of the pathogenic genera, Microsporum, Trichophyton or Epidermophyton; see also ringworm.
References in periodicals archive ?
In accordance to the findings of Grover WC et al, [14] the present study reports various clinico-mycological profile caused by dermatophytoses such as tinea cruris, onychomycosis and tinea capitis.
8] Das et al [1] and Verma et al [2] also reported Trichophyton rubrum as the commonest isolate in dermatophytoses.
The Greeks referred to dermatophytoses as herpes (to creep around) and the Romans thought the disease resembled the larval stage of the worm Tinea (which is Latin for worm).
Though immunosupression has been postulated as a cause, more research about different aspects of dermatophytoses such as physiology, genetics, biochemistry and immunology is required to elucidate the cause in immunocompetent individuals.
Clinico-mycological study of dermatophytoses diagnosed at medical college, Mahbubnagar (Andhra Pradesh), India.
Mahajan et al (4) found a higher prevalence of dermatophytoses in their study, while Bhat et al (5) and found a higher prevalence of candidial infections.
INTRODUCTION: The dermatophytoses constitute a group of superficial fungal infections of keratinised tissued, viz; the epidermis, hair and nails, caused by a closely related group of filamentous fungi, the dermatophytes.
Trichophyton rubrum-the predominant etiological agent in human dermatophytoses in Chennai, India.
6) The prevalence of dermatophytoses varies in different geographical locations.
Majority of the patients suffering from dermatophytoses had extensive infection.