dermatophytosis(redirected from dermatophytoses)
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Related to dermatophytoses: pityriasis versicolor
1. any superficial fungal infection caused by a dermatophyte and involving the stratum corneum of the skin, hair, and nails, including onychomycosis and the various forms of tinea. Called also epidermomycosis and epidermophytosis.
2. tinea pedis.
An infection of the hair, skin, or nails caused by any one of the dermatophytes. The lesions may occur at any site on the body and, on the skin, are characterized by erythema, small papular vesicles, fissures, and scaling. Common sites of infection are the feet (tinea pedis), nails (onychomycosis), and scalp (tinea capitis). Compare: dermatomycosis.
1. epidermomycosis; any superficial fungal infection caused by a dermatophyte and involving the stratum corneum of the skin, hair, and nails, including onychomycosis and the various forms of tinea.
2. tinea pedis.
A fungal infection of the skin, especially athlete's foot.
Etymology: Gk, derma + phyton, plant, osis, condition
a superficial fungus infection involving the stratum corneum of the skin, hair, and nails, caused by Microsporum, Epidermophyton, or Trichophyton species of dermatophyte. On the trunk and upper extremities it is commonly called "ringworm" infection and is characterized by round or oval scaly patches with slightly raised borders and clearing centers. On the feet small vesicles, cracking, itching, scaling, and often secondary bacterial infections occur and are commonly called "athlete's foot." Treatment includes topical antifungal agents, as tolnaftate, clotrimazole, and undecylenic acid, and oral griseofulvin. Fingernails and toenails respond poorly to topical treatment. Also called epidermomycosis. See also tinea.
DiffDx Nonfungal dermatopathies—e.g., erythema annulare, ‘herald patch’ of pityriasis rosea, atopic dermatitis, other dermatitides
Management Most resolve without therapy—otherwise, miconazole; if severe, griseofulvin
An infection of the hair, skin, or nails caused by any one of the dermatophytes. The lesions are characterized by erythema, small papular vesicles, fissures, and scaling. Common sites of infection are the feet (tinea pedis), nails (onychomycosis), and scalp (tinea capitis).
dermatophytosisA general term for fungus infection of the skin, often called TINEA or ‘ringworm’.
dermatophytosisinflammation of skin, nails and hair follicles due to dermatophyte infection, causing erythema, itching, papular vesiculation, interdigital and heel fissures and skin scaling; superficial infections are common in adults, especially those with dyshidrosis, living in community, using communal sports or bathing facilities, diabetics or those on long-term antibiotic or immunosuppressive therapies (see onychomycosis; tinea pedis; Table 1)
|Antimycotic agent (for the treatment of dermatophytosis)|
|Skin||Topical allylamine (e.g. 1% terbinafine cream for 7 days)|
Topical imidazoles (e.g. 2% miconazole or 1% clotrimazole for 28 days)
Topical 0.25% amorolfine
Topical 1% econazole
Topical griseofulvin spray (400 μg puff daily for 14 days)
Topical 1% sulconazole
Topical tea tree (manuka) oil
Topical undecenoate (20% zinc undecenoate + 5% undecenoic acid)
Topical Whitfield's ointment (6% benzoic acid + 3% salicylic acid)
Other topicals include: weak iodine solution 2.5%; potassium permanganate paint 1%; salicylate acid cream or alcoholic solution 3-5%; benzoic acid (Whitfield's) ointment; sodium polymetaphosphate dusting powder
Systemic terbinafine (250 mg daily for 2 weeks)
Systemic itraconazole (100 mg daily for 15 days)
Systemic griseofulvin (500 mg daily )
|Nail||Topical amorolfine 0.25% lacquer as an adjunct to systemic treatment|
Topical borotannic acid complex acid; Phytex paint (1.46% salicylic acid + 4.89% tannic acid + 3.12% boric acid)
Topical 28% tioconazole lacquer
Topical undecenoate lacquer; Monphytol paint (5% methyl undecenoate + 0.7% propyl undecenoate + 3% salicylic acid + 25% methyl salicylate + 5% propyl salicylate + 3% chlorambucil)
Other topicals: strong iodine 10% solution
Systemic terbinafine (250 mg daily for 12-16 weeks)
Systemic itraconazole (400 mg for 1 week in a month, repeated overall 3 or 4 times)
Anticandidal agent (for the treatment of candidiasis)
|Skin||Topical antimycotic creams (1% clotrimazole; 1% econazole; 2% miconazole)|
Topical nystatin (100 000 units ± 1% tolnaftate)
Antipityriasis versicolor agent (for the treatment of pityriasis versicolor)
|Skin||Topical 2% ketoconazole|
Topical 2.5% selenium sulphide
Topical antimycotic agents (1% clotrimazole; 1% econazole; 2% miconazole; 1% sulconazole; 1% terbinafine)
fungal infection of the skin caused by one of the pathogenic genera, Microsporum, Trichophyton or Epidermophyton; see also ringworm.