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a superficial fungal infection of the skin or of its appendages.
Fungus infection of the skin caused by dermatophytes, yeasts, and other fungi. Compare: dermatophytosis.
dermatomycosis/der·ma·to·my·co·sis/ (der″mah-to-mi-ko´sis) a superficial fungal infection of the skin or its appendages.
Etymology: Gk, derma + mykes, fungus, osis, condition
a superficial fungal infection of the skin, characteristically found on parts that are moist and protected by clothing, such as the groin or feet. It is caused by a dermatophyte. See also dermatophytosis. dermatomycotic, adj.
dermatomycosisA fungal skin infection
Fungus infection of the skin caused by dermatophytes, yeasts, and other fungi.
dermatophytosisinflammation of skin, nails and hair follicles due to dermatophyte infection, causing erythema, itching, papular vesiculation, interdigital and heel fissures and skin scaling; superficial infections are common in adults, especially those with dyshidrosis, living in community, using communal sports or bathing facilities, diabetics or those on long-term antibiotic or immunosuppressive therapies (see onychomycosis; tinea pedis; Table 1)
|Antimycotic agent (for the treatment of dermatophytosis)|
|Skin||Topical allylamine (e.g. 1% terbinafine cream for 7 days)|
Topical imidazoles (e.g. 2% miconazole or 1% clotrimazole for 28 days)
Topical 0.25% amorolfine
Topical 1% econazole
Topical griseofulvin spray (400 μg puff daily for 14 days)
Topical 1% sulconazole
Topical tea tree (manuka) oil
Topical undecenoate (20% zinc undecenoate + 5% undecenoic acid)
Topical Whitfield's ointment (6% benzoic acid + 3% salicylic acid)
Other topicals include: weak iodine solution 2.5%; potassium permanganate paint 1%; salicylate acid cream or alcoholic solution 3-5%; benzoic acid (Whitfield's) ointment; sodium polymetaphosphate dusting powder
Systemic terbinafine (250 mg daily for 2 weeks)
Systemic itraconazole (100 mg daily for 15 days)
Systemic griseofulvin (500 mg daily )
|Nail||Topical amorolfine 0.25% lacquer as an adjunct to systemic treatment|
Topical borotannic acid complex acid; Phytex paint (1.46% salicylic acid + 4.89% tannic acid + 3.12% boric acid)
Topical 28% tioconazole lacquer
Topical undecenoate lacquer; Monphytol paint (5% methyl undecenoate + 0.7% propyl undecenoate + 3% salicylic acid + 25% methyl salicylate + 5% propyl salicylate + 3% chlorambucil)
Other topicals: strong iodine 10% solution
Systemic terbinafine (250 mg daily for 12-16 weeks)
Systemic itraconazole (400 mg for 1 week in a month, repeated overall 3 or 4 times)
Anticandidal agent (for the treatment of candidiasis)
|Skin||Topical antimycotic creams (1% clotrimazole; 1% econazole; 2% miconazole)|
Topical nystatin (100 000 units ± 1% tolnaftate)
Antipityriasis versicolor agent (for the treatment of pityriasis versicolor)
|Skin||Topical 2% ketoconazole|
Topical 2.5% selenium sulphide
Topical antimycotic agents (1% clotrimazole; 1% econazole; 2% miconazole; 1% sulconazole; 1% terbinafine)
a fungal infection of the skin or of its appendages by a fungus other than the dermatophytes, Microsporum, Trichophyton or Epidermophyton.