depolymerization


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depolymerization

 [de″po-lim″er-ĭ-za´shun]
the conversion of a polymer into its component monomers.

de·po·lym·er·i·za·tion

(dē-pol'i-mĕr-ī-zā'shŭn)
The dismantling of a polymer into individual monomers.
Synonym(s): depolymerisation.
References in periodicals archive ?
Caption: Through the company's depolymerization technology, waste PET is completely broken down into its monomers, dimethyl terephthalate (left) and monoethylene glycol (MEG), without adding heat or pressure.
Actin-depolymerizing factor and cofilin-1 play overlapping roles in promoting rapid F-actin depolymerization in mammalian nonmuscle cells.
Pan, "Depolymerization of chitosan by enzymes from the digestive tract of sea cucumber Stichopus japonicus," African Journal of Biotechnology, vol.
Based on the data, the apple chips exhibited higher crispness and better microstructure when there was less amount of WEP fraction, which might be partially attributed to depolymerization and leaching of the pectic polysaccharides.
After cellular spreading, myosin II increases tension on the actin network while depolymerization of F-actin decreases the tension, and this maintains the tension in equilibrium.
Sub- and supercritical water, with its unique properties such as nontoxicity, low cost, and environmental friendliness, is regarded as a promising solvent for depolymerization of polymers.
Invading bacterial or fungal pathogens produce alkaloids, such as mold alkaloid cytochalasin D, Streptomyces staurosporeus alkaloid staurosporine, or Clostridium difficile binary toxin (CDT), which cause depolymerization of the actin cytoskeleton in host cells via different mechanisms [7-9].
In the recent years, extraction and depolymerization with ionic liquids (ILs) for the isolation or degradation of lignins were considered to be promising processes [18, 19].
Ono et al., "A mutation of [beta]-actin that alters depolymerization dynamics is associated with autosomal dominant developmental malformations, deafness, and dystonia," American Journal of Human Genetics, vol.
The assays were conducted in sodium acetate buffer (0.1 M, pH 5.0) containing 1% starch, and depolymerization of starch was quantified by the iodometric method described by Fuwa [12] and Pongsawadi and Yagisawa [13].
According to the authors, fruit softening is related to pectin depolymerization of and hemicelluloses and PG plays an important role in the solubilization and not in pectin depolymerization; therefore, only the action of the PG may not be sufficient to induce fruit softening.