depersonalization disorder


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depersonalization

 [de-per″sun-al-ĭ-za´shun]
alteration in the perception of the self so that the usual sense of one's own reality is lost, manifested in a sense of unreality or self-estrangement, in changes of body image, or in a feeling that one does not control one's own actions and speech; seen in disorders such as depersonalization disorder (see also dissociative disorders), depression, hypochondriasis, temporal lobe epilepsy, schizophrenia, and schizotypal personality disorder. Some authorities do not draw a distinction between this concept and derealization, and use the term depersonalization to include both.
depersonalization disorder a dissociative disorder in which there are feelings of unreality and strangeness in one's perception of self or of one's body image. Individuals with this disorder may feel as though they are in a dream or are not totally in control of their actions. Episodes of depersonalization are usually accompanied by dizziness, anxiety, fears of going insane, and derealization.

Depersonalization as an isolated event occurs in many people without significantly affecting their functioning; it is considered a disorder only when it impairs the patient's daily activities, when it is not associated with some other mental disorder, and when the patient's perception of reality remains intact.

de·per·son·al·i·za·tion dis·or·der

1. a disorder characterized by persistent or recurrent experiences of detachment from one's mental processes or body, as if one is an automaton, an outside observer, or in a dream; reality testing remains intact and there is clinically significant distress impairment.
2. a DSM diagnosis is established when the specified criteria are met.

depersonalization disorder

n.
A psychiatric disorder in which the normal sense of personal identity and reality is lost.

de·per·son·al·i·za·tion dis·or·der

(dē-pĕrsŏn-ăl-ī-zāshŭn dis-ōrdĕr)
Disorder characterized by persistent or recurrent experiences of detachment from one's mental processes or body, as if one is an automaton, an outside observer, or in a dream.
References in periodicals archive ?
We believe that aripiprazole might rebalance serotonin/dopamine neurotransmission for some patients with depersonalization disorder. We theorize that aripiprazole's blockade of serotonin 2A receptors may enhance dopamine release in certain areas of the brain, possibly improving cognitive and affective symptoms.
Feeling unreal: Depersonalization disorder and loss of self.
Illness perceptions in depersonalization disorder: testing an illness attribution model.
(b) Similarly, neuroimaging of depersonalization disorder show increased neural activity in prefrontal regions associated with affect regulation and decreased activity in emotion-related areas.
Patients with depersonalization disorder frequently reported a low sense of interpersonal connectedness; the rate of marriage among these individuals was low (16%), Dr.
Mean onset age of depersonalization disorder was 15.9 years; fewer than 1 in 5 patients experienced onset after age 20, and fewer than 1 in 20 after age 25, she said.