dependent variable

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something that changes; an attribute or property of a person, event, or object that is known to vary in a given study.
dependent variable in a mathematical equation or relationship between two or more variables, a variable whose value depends on those of others; it represents a response, behavior, or outcome that the researcher wishes to predict or explain.
extraneous variable a factor that is not itself under study but affects the measurement of the study variables or the examination of their relationships.
independent variable in a mathematical equation or relationship between two or more variables, any variable whose value determines that of others; it represents the treatment or experimental variable that is manipulated by the researcher to create an effect on the dependent variable.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

de·pen·dent var·i·a·ble

in experiments, a variable that is influenced by or dependent on changes in the independent variable; for example, the amount of a written passage retained (dependent variable) as a function of the different numbers of minutes (independent variable) allowed to study the passage.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

dependent variable

An objective finding measured in an experiment that is expected to change as a result of an experimental manipulation of the independent variable(s).
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

dependent variable

Epidemiology An outcome variable/variables that reflects other, independent, variables in the relationship being studied. See Variable.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Panel data regression is applied in this study to identify the impact of dependent variables (Total Leverage and corporate ownership) and independent variables (firm size, firm age, tax shield, growth opportunity, firm profitability, asset tangibility, assets maturity, earning volatility, corruption perceived index, dividend payout firm level investment and long term leverage).
Values of pH and electrical conductivity and concentrations of aluminum (Al), calcium (Ca), nickel (Ni), iron (Fe) and zinc (Zn) metals and sulfate (SO4 2-), nitrate (NO3-) and chloride (Cl-) ions in the particulate matter were taken as dependent variables, while the values of pH and electrical conductivity and concentrations of metals and ions mentioned above in the inert matter/waste were taken as independent variables.
Using the same methodology described above, but replacing the dependent variable, net outlays, with net cost of operations, once again the most suitable independent variable is the POM (w/OCO) position.
Regression between the independent variable (image) and the dependent variable (switching behavior) showed that there was a significant inverse correlation between these two variables.
Table 1 shows the mean values for each of the dependent variables when the data are aggregated over all six APs.
This significance shows that the variables under study have a significant effect on the dependent variable.
It can be shown algebraically that the lagged dependent variable in Campbell's Model 2 (2012) simply disguises the impact of the president's party on economic performance.
This study aims to determine variance-covariance structures of dependent variable in data set containing repeated measures and to compare covariance parameter estimation methods.
Multiple Regression methodology is used to analyze several variables and to establish a relationship between dependent variable and independent variables.
The purpose of this study was to understand the relationships of three predictor variables, exercise, diet, and Health Locus Of Control (HLOC) to the dependent variable of obesity.
Employees' Psychological Disturbance is the dependent variable as only the organizational and economical effect of M&A has been taken in view.
Under a steady state condition, the time derivative of each dependent variable in Eq.

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