I have not, of course, proved that Socrates is a deontologist
Not only do they present people as multidimensional, rather than solely as egoists, or utilitarians, or deontologists
, thus making literature more realistic, but they also explore how characters change as the stories unfold.
And most deontologists
would insist that a payment of money, without more, does not rectify the harm caused by breaching the promisee's entitlement to performance.
I have downplayed other interesting issues that Hurd addresses in the course of analyzing the dilemma--for example, whether duties to uphold the systemic values are weightier for officials than for citizens, and whether deontologists
are committed to the correspondence thesis.
Second, against those who might be labeled orthodox deontologists
26) Peffer identifies Marx's moral theory as "mixed deontologist
," as one
How, asks the deontologist
, can we use a standard to determine whether an act is ethical that is impossible to apply at the time the act is performed?
So, what should the deontologist
say about a situation where the agent is uncertain about which action constitutes killing?
A deontological theory emphasizes duties, but a deontologist
can also be concerned about consequences.
If you are a deontologist
, you are more likely to regard it as a Frankenstein's monster.
Our analysis thus applies both to deontologist
and consequentialist approaches that advocate downward adjustment of the punishment to account for the risk of wrongful conviction.
Hence, I hope that it becomes clear that many different kinds of liberals--including deontologist
as well as consequentialist liberals--should favour extensive free speech since the argument will rest on premises that all liberals share.