demyelinization


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demyelination

 [de-mi´ĕ-lin-a´shun]
destruction, removal, or loss of the myelin sheath of a nerve or nerves. Called also demyelinization and myelinolysis.

de·my·e·li·na·tion

, demyelinization (dē-mī'e-lin-ā'shŭn, dē-mī'ĕ-lin-i-za'shŭn),
Loss of myelin with preservation of the axons or fiber tracts. Central demyelination occurs within the central nervous system (for example, the demyelination seen with multiple sclerosis); peripheral demyelination affects the peripheral nervous system (for example, the demyelination seen with Guillain-Barré syndrome).

de·my·e·li·na·tion

, demyelinization (dē-mī'e-lin-ā'shŭn, -ī-zā'shŭn)
Loss of myelin with preservation of the axons or fiber tracts. Central demyelination occurs within the central nervous system (e.g., the demyelination seen with multiple sclerosis); peripheral demyelination affects the peripheral nervous system (e.g., the demyelination seen with Guillain-Barré syndrome).

de·my·e·li·na·tion

, demyelinization (dē-mī'e-lin-ā'shŭn, -ī-zā'shŭn, dē-mīĕ-li-nāshŭn, -lin-ī-zāshŭn)
Loss of myelin with preservation of the axons or fiber tracts.
References in periodicals archive ?
Demyelinization can slow or even block the flow of signals between the CNS and the rest of the body.
Also, LPS-induced spinal cord damage shows significant demyelinization associated with an important reduction in the amount of oligodendrocytes [102].
The association between coinfection and encephalopathy is less clear: HTLV-I infection is associated with TSP/ HAM, a clinical entity characterized by signs and symptoms of myelopathy, but displaying some evidence of brain involvement, such as perivascular infiltrates, demyelinization, and white matter destruction.
It is thought that SD develops due to axonal loss and demyelinization of the pathways that mediate the sexual functions in the central nervous system.
Minden and Schiffer (1991) reported that depressive episodes can precede the onset of other MS symptoms and may be considered an early sign of the demyelinization that occurs during an MS exacerbation.
Histologic multifocal areas of inflammation and demyelinization are Ibund.
Demyelinization and optic neuritis can occur with etanercept, but the absolute incidence is still low, estimated at between 2 and 6 per 100,000 treated patients.
However, these explanations do not account for the severe nerve damage, demyelinization, kidney insufficiency, and anemia observed in lead-exposed subjects [2, 9-11].
The virus can invade the central nervous system and, in some cases, cause acute or subacute encephalitis sometimes associated with diffuse or multifocal demyelinization (9).
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic, often progressive, degenerative, inflammatory, neurological immune disease, characterized by demyelinization of axons.