13.3 ND Not identified Dematiaceous fungi
53.3 29.4 Mycelia sterilia 46.7 23.5 Regions of Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil North western South western (n= 16) (n= 4) % [bar.x] Infection 72.5 (ab) (40 - 100) 50.0a (35 - 55) (range) [bar.x] Aw (range) 0.737 (ab) (0.71 - 0.77) 0.721a (0.68 - 0.75) Filamentous fungi FO (%) FO (%) Alternaria sp.
Davis, "Dematiaceous fungi
are an increasing cause of human disease," Clinical Infectious Diseases, vol.
Chromoblastomycosis, dematiaceous fungi
, skeletal involvement.
as a major agent for biopitting on Mediterranean marbles and limestones.
(1994) in cattle diagnosed with mycotic nasal granuloma caused by Dematiaceous fungi
, Bipolaris sp and Drechslera sp.
In the air, the dematiaceous fungi
outnumbered the hyaline ones.
Chromoblastomycosis is a chronic fungal infection of the skin and subcutaneous tissues caused by pigmented or dematiaceous fungi
that are implanted into the dermis from the environment.
The treatment of leprosy reaction by corticosteroids which are immunosuppressive might have predisposed him to acquire infection by dematiaceous fungi
. The most likely explanation, however, is that the two conditions are unrelated, and that their occurrence in the same patient is coincidental.
Phaeoacremonium species are dematiaceous fungi
characterized by the presence of melanin or melanin-like pigments and are widely distributed in the environment particularly in soil, wood, and decomposing plant debris.
Originally thought to arise solely from Aspergillus infection, AFRS has been shown to involve dematiaceous fungi
, including Bipolaris, Curvularia, Exserohilum, and Alternaria spp, in 67% of cases.
Nevertheless, fungal infection of the eye is increasing, most notably by the species of Fusarium, Aspergillus, Candida, and dematiaceous fungi
. At present, there are a limited number of compounds available to control ocular mycoses.