Delsarte, Francois-Alexandre-Nicolas

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Delsarte,

Francois-Alexandre-Nicolas, 1811-1871.
Delsarte exercises - Synonym(s): Delsarte system
Delsarte system - a method of breathing, speaking, posture, etc. Synonym(s): Delsarte exercises; delsartism
delsartism - Synonym(s): Delsarte system
References in periodicals archive ?
(36) He was introduced there to "the ideology of individualism and emphasis on self-expression that suffused this period in modern dance and early twentieth-century performance more generally." (37) Dalcroze retained the influence of Delsartism and its "commitment to recovering an authentic' and 'expressive' self"; (38) Dalcroze's own book Rhythm, Music and Education (1920) cited the "student's temperament" and "the personal music of different individualities" as central to the practice.
I will begin with an introduction to the book's focus, including discussion of Delsarte and "Delsartism" and a survey of the chapters; then relate Preston's research to other current Delsarte studies; and end with a brief discussion of some of the problems in the work.
Scholars of modern literature may not be familiar with Francois Delsarte (1811-1871) whose work and its subsequent adaptations (often termed "Delsartism") are central to this book's conception and realization.
Marinetti, Isadora Duncan, H.D., Francois Delsarte, Delsartism, and Vernon Lee and provides a summary of each chapter's contents.
In Chapter 1, "The Solo's Origins: Monodramas, Attitudes, Dramatic Monologues," Preston relates "Delsartism" to the solo performance forms named in the title (she uses "attitudes" and "statue posing" interchangeably).
Preston writes that Chapter 2, "Posing Modernism: Delsartism in Modern Dance and Silent Film," "focuses on Delsartean theories of the body" (58).
Chapter 3, "Positioning Genre: The Dramatic Monologue in Cultures of Recitation," begins with a section on one of the foremost American specialists in elocution, Samuel Silas Curry (1847-1921), with attention to some of his fourteen publications on various aspects of expression, including the dramatic monologue, the role of American Delsartism in his theory and practice.
In her afterword, Preston sums up the vast array of information and discussion she has provided in the book, notes a previous "critical neglect of Delsartism and other antimodern movements within modernist studies" (239), and mentions the work of "post-modernists" such as the innovative theater director Jerzy Grotowski and the ground-breaking dancer and choreographer Yvonne Rainer (247)--among others--who are continuing some of the work she has discussed.
Preston's article, 'Posing Modernism: Delsartism in Modern Dance and Silent Film', in the May 2009 issue of Theatre Journal, another interdisciplinary link is added to this chain of discussion.
For an overview of the impact of physical training, Delsartism, and exercise on early-twentieth-century Americans see Ann Daly, Done into Dance: Isadora Duncan in America (Middletown, CT: Wesleyan University Press, 1995), 123-31; for more on women's reforms more generally see Gail Collins, America's Women (New York: William Morrow, 2003) and Sara M.
"Posing Modernism: Delsartism in Modern Dance and Silent Film." Theatre Journal 61.2 (Dec.