Pollen was transferred by brushing dehiscing
anthers across the stigma until it was densely covered by pollen.
Stamens 10, the filaments [+ or -] dilated basally, straight, usually smooth; anther dehiscing
by terminal pores, inverting just before anthesis, appendages none, surface usually smooth, endothecium present, resorbtion tissue present or absent.
Censuses of the arthropod community were then made 2 mo later in mid-June, when gall aphids were starting to emigrate from dehiscing
At pollination, dehiscing
anthers were brushed across the stigma until it was densely covered with pollen.
The opening mechanism of longitudinally dehiscing
After anthers had finished dehiscing
in each tube, anthers and pollen were preserved in 70% ethanol (EtOH).
We carefully applied fluorescent dye powder (Radiant Color Corporation, Richmond, Calif.) to the freshly dehiscing
anthers of each donor.
This prevents the husk from dehiscing
properly and may interfere with nut harvest and dispersal by vertebrates.
At pink flowers, bees overwhelmingly paid legitimate visits to the mouth of the flower; in 98.7% of those visits, bees were observed vibrating the thorax to shake pollen from the dehiscing
anthers onto their sterna, where it could then be transferred to the pollen baskets on the legs.
hirsuta, the pedicel of the male flower will frequently elongate and bend over the female flower causing the dehiscing
anthers to come in direct contact with the stigmatic surface (Agren and Schemske, pers.
To avoid disturbing the dehiscing
anthers on experimental flowers we filmed the same hummingbirds visiting separate sets of flowers from the same plants used in the actual experiment.
Androecium: stamens 4-5(-12), isomerous, alternipetalous, sometimes strongly zygomorphic and adnate to corolla tube or mouth, rarely some staminodal or even obsolete (Hoppea): anthers tetrasporangiate, usually introrse (extrorse in Gentiana) and dithecal; dehiscing
via a longitudinal slit or rarely by terminal pores (Exacum); occasionally connate (Voyria); occasionally connective with one to two apical glands (Sebaea); rarely with long thread-like projections (Urogentias).