defense

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defense

 [de-fens´]
behavior directed to protection of the individual from injury.
character defense any character trait, e.g., a mannerism, attitude, or affectation, which serves as a defense mechanism.
insanity defense a legal concept that a person cannot be convicted of a crime if he lacked criminal responsibility by reason of insanity at the time of commission of the crime.
defense mechanism in psychology, an unconscious mental process or coping pattern that lessens the anxiety associated with a situation or internal conflict and protects the person from mental discomfort. In the theory of psychoanalysis, the ego, following the reality principle, conforms to the demands of the outside world, but the id (repressed unconscious), following the pleasure principle, pursues immediate gratification of desires and reduction of psychic tension. The superego (conscience or morality) may take either side. Defense mechanisms develop in order to control impulses or feelings that lead to inner conflicts, to reach compromises between conflicting impulses, and to reduce inner tensions. They help to manage or avoid anxiety, aggression, hostility, resentment, and frustration. Defense mechanisms are not pathological in themselves; they can be a means of dealing with unbearable situations. Among the most common defense mechanisms are denial, displacement, identification, projection, rationalization, reaction-formation, repression, and sublimation.
defense reaction a mental reaction that shuts out from consciousness ideas not acceptable to the ego. See also defense mechanism.

de·fense

(dē-fents'),
The psychological mechanisms used to control anxiety, for example, rationalization, projection.
[L. defendo, to ward off]

defense

/de·fense/ (de-fens´) behavior directed to protection of the individual from injury.
character defense  any character trait, e.g., a mannerism, attitude, or affectation, which serves as a defense mechanism.
insanity defense  a legal concept that a person cannot be convicted of a crime if he lacked criminal responsibility by reason of insanity at the time of commission of the crime.

defense

[də·fens′]
Etymology: L, defendere, to ward off
the practice of, or measures taken to ensure, self-protection.
Forensic psychology See Character Defence, Denim Defense, Insanity Defence
Immunology A mechanism by which an organism protects itself from foreign antigens and pathogens
Malpractice Any legal argument offered by a defendant that would either preclude or mitigate recovery of damages for a wrong allegedly committed by the defendant
Microbiology See Antibiotic resistance
Psychology A mechanism by which a person minimises harm to his/her psyche or by which one controls anxiety

defense

Medical malpractice Any legal argument offered by a defendant that would either preclude or mitigate recovery of damages for a wrong allegedly committed by a defendant. See Affirmative defense, Black rage defense, Character defense, Insanity defense Psychology A mechanism by which a person minimizes harm to his/her psyche or to control anxiety. See Defense mechanism.

de·fense

(dĕ-fens')
1. The psychological mechanisms used to control anxiety, e.g., rationalization, projection.
2. Any protective posture, drug, or device.
Synonym(s): defence.
[L. defendo, to ward off]

de·fense

(dĕ-fens')
1. The psychological mechanisms used to control anxiety.
2. Any protective posture, drug, or device.
Synonym(s): defence.
[L. defendo, to ward off]

defense,

n the reasons, in law or fact, offered by the defendant in a legal proceeding as to why the plaintiff should not prevail.
defense cell,
defense mechanism,
n an unconscious, intrapsychic reaction that offers protection to the self from threatening or stressful situations. Defense mechanisms may be useful to diminish anxiety and facilitate coping behaviors, or may be harmful because of denying, displacing, isolating, or repressing anxiety and preventing useful coping responses.

defense

1. against infection, including hematological and immunological systems.
2. behavior directed to protection of the individual from injury.

defense mechanisms
means by which the host repels invading organisms; externally, these include the barrier provided by the skin and epithelial lining of the gastrointestinal, genitourinary and respiratory tracts, together with their secretions and normal microflora, and internally, phagocytic cells, humoral and cellular immunity.
defense reaction
the physiological reaction to emotional stress, particularly fear, includes tachycardia, increased cardiac output, vasodilation in skeletal muscle, elevation of blood pressure. Behavioral responses include alerting and aggressive behavior.

Patient discussion about defense

Q. How have people coped with dealing with depression? I have bi-polar II mixed disorder and I have been a candidate for no medication. I haven't taken medication for the last 3 years. I've recently been struggling with alleviating my depression.

A. The book is called An Unquiet Mind.
Nicholas, talk to your friends and family, tell them what goes on in your head during episodes, tell them what your journey has been like with this illness. Give them an opportunity to ask questions, teach them what your triggers are. Teach them what you want them to do when you are experiencing a mania or a depression. You are your own best tool when teaching the ones you love about this illness.
Good luck, I am sure if you open up and talk to them about it they will listen and learn, you will make them better people for it.

More discussions about defense
References in periodicals archive ?
His defenselessness places him, however awkwardly, in the role of embattled clerical figure (the sacristan killed on his behalf conveniently impersonates this role more clearly).
While he believes that pacifism, or defenselessness, as he prefers, was not as universal among the early Anabaptist groups as the proponents of "the Anabaptist Vision" (Harold Bender and others) assumed, he also concludes it was not as relative as the "polygenesis" historians assert.
They also revealed how he felt about being "crucified" and his feelings of weakness and defenselessness.
It became obvious that high levels of sensitivity among the dropouts contributed to the students' vulnerability and, in some cases, defenselessness.
Sure to be much talked about, it is frightening precisely because it comes at a moment of such defenselessness.
As the war continued and Confederate Louisiana shrank, the state's women grew increasingly both discouraged and vocal regarding their privation and their state's defenselessness.
That the refusal of Jesus as the Messiah by rabbinical Judaism is a gift to Christians does not, from my perspective, implicate Jews in proving that Jesus was the Messiah, even though for Christians this rejection has contributed to the memory of the gospel's original defenselessness, and thus helped, perhaps in the providence of God, to save it.
odds," "horrible death," and "despairing fight"--encourages her audience to participate affectively in African American women's experience of defenselessness.
All of man's defenselessness was concentrated in them.
39) Frere made strenuous efforts to construct local forces through the Peace Preservation Act of 1878, (40) including a revived Cape Mounted Rifles, which would go some way to alleviating the defenselessness of the Colony.
Stavrianos contends that such plans for conversion would have succeeded "given the defenselessness of the Christians and the prestige and attraction of Islam at the time," (26) while historian Justin McCarthy suggests that forced conversion would have brought much grief to the Ottomans, and that the peace allowed by relative toleration was pragmatic and wise for the Ottoman government.
Thus in 1925, in a joint French and Spanish effort to put down a Berber uprising in Morocco, American volunteers under French command bombed the city of Chechaouen (Chefchaouen), similar in size and defenselessness to Guernica.