deep neck infection


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deep neck in·fec·tion

(dēp nek in-fek'shŭn)
Bodily invasion of tissues and cavity of neck structures by pathogens originating in the oral cavity or other contiguous area.

deep neck infection

An infection that enters the fascial planes of the neck after originating in the oral cavity, pharynx, or a regional lymph node. It may be life-threatening if the infection enters the carotid sheath, the paravertebral spaces, or the mediastinum. Death may also result from sepsis, asphyxiation, or hemorrhage. Aggressive surgical therapy is usually required because antibiotics alone infrequently control the disease.
See also: infection
References in periodicals archive ?
Garazzino et al., "Diagnosis and management of deep neck infections in children: The experience of an Italian paediatric centre," Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy, vol.
Deep neck infections (DNIs) are important otolaryngologic emergencies requiring prompt diagnosis and treatment to prevent hazardous complications such as mediastinitis, Lemierre syndrome, necrotizing cervical fasciitis, carotid artery aneurysm, sepsis and even death (1).
Thompson: Deep neck infection, volume 41, issue 3, 459: 483, June 2008.
DISCUSSION: Contrast-enhanced CT scan (CECT) is the gold standard in the evaluation of deep neck infections. (3) CT scans provides valuable information for the site and the extent of infection (3) Retropharyngeal space collection include an evaluation of multiplanar imaging for four characteristics: distribution of fluid, configuration and mass effect, presence or absence of a thick enhancing wall, and ancillary findings.
Recurrence of a deep neck infection: a clinical indication of an underlying congenital lesion.
[8.] Nusbaum AO, Som PM, Rothschild MA, Shugar JM: Recurrence of a deep neck infection: a clinical indication of an underlying congenital lesion.
Even though improvements in antibiotic therapy have lowered the mortality rate among patients with peritonsillar abscess, serious complications--including deep neck infection (1,2) and mediastinitis (3)--still occur.
CT had been ordered when the otolaryngologist suspected a deep neck infection. However, neither the neck films nor CT had been used to make the diagnosis of supraglottitis.
It has been mostly linked to indolent nonfatal lymphadenitis and deep neck infections in patients in North America.
It goes on to provide thorough coverage of basic science topics as well as concise, practical information on clinical topics, including radiographic imaging of common clinical presentations, deep neck infections, transoral robotic surgery, surgery of the aging face, lasers in laryngology, and much more.
They include those in the areas of otology, including tympanostomy tube placement, cochlear implantation, and chronic otitis media; congenital conditions like cleft lip and palate repair, neck masses, and midline nasal masses; sinonasal surgery for chronic rhinosinusitis; tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy; and surgery of the upper aerodigestive tract, including tracheotomy, deep neck infections, and oncologic surgery.