deep brain stimulation


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stimulation

 [stim″u-la´shun]
the act or process of stimulating; the condition of being stimulated; see also promotion and enhancement.
cognitive stimulation in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as promotion of awareness and comprehension of surroundings by utilization of planned stimuli.
cutaneous stimulation in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as stimulation of the skin and underlying tissues for the purpose of decreasing undesirable signs and symptoms such as pain, muscle spasm, or inflammation.
deep brain stimulation (DBS) patient-controlled, continuous, high-frequency electrical stimulation of a specific area of the brain by means of an implanted electrode, which is controlled by a battery implanted just below the clavicle. The electrical signals block those signals from the brain causing tremors and some other related problems such as occur in Parkinson's disease, essential tremor, and dystonia.
stimulation/nurturance in the omaha system, activities that promote healthy physical and emotional development.
transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (transcutaneous neural stimulation) see transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation.

deep brain stimulation

functional neurosurgery in which stimulating electrodes are placed in the basal ganglia for management of movement disorders, including Parkinson disease, dystonia, and tremor.

deep brain stimulation

Neurostimulation therapy for managing essential tremors and tremors of Parkinson's disease, which delivers impulses via an implanted electrical lead (the Activa system) that blocks or overrides tremor signals from the brain.

deep brain stimulation

Alternating current stimulation at a frequency of 130 to 185 Hz by way of electrodes stereotaxically placed deeply in various parts of the brain. The electrodes are connected to an implanted neurostimulator. The treatment has been found useful in severe refractory depression, severe tremor in Parkinson's disease, essential tremor, primary dystonia and cluster headaches in which more conventional treatment has failed and the risks are considered wthically justified.
References in periodicals archive ?
'Rather than looking at the amount of dopamine bound on receptors of dopamine-receiving cells, we looked at VMAT2 concentrations within dopamine-producing cells, which may be more sensitive to detecting changes in dopamine with deep brain stimulation in Parkinson's disease patients.'
Bilateral subthalamic deep brain stimulation using single track microelectrode recording.
A phase I trial of deep brain stimulation of memory circuits in Alzheimer's disease.
While deep brain stimulation may improve function compared with those who do not receive it, little evidence exists on whether the treatment has any benefits to life expectancy.
"In the case of Parkinson's, deep brain stimulation is effectively downregulating that part of the brain," says Blake, the study's corresponding author.
Hardware-related infections after deep brain stimulation surgery: review of incidence, severity and management in 212 single-center procedures in the first year after implantation.
Researchers, however, warned larger studies would also need to show deep brain stimulation works before the therapy becomes a go-to treatment plan for health officials.
Indeed, the efficacy of deep brain stimulation (DBS) in the most severe, treatment-refractory cases of OCD casts doubt upon the fundamental construct clinicians have relied upon for decades to comprehend OCD: Namely, that affected patients first experience obsessions, which induce anxiety, which then stimulates compulsions, and engaging in those compulsions brings relief and reward, and then the whole cycle starts over again.