decortication


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to decortication: decerebration, pleurodesis

decortication

 [de-kor″tĭ-ka´shun]
1. removal of the outer covering from a plant, seed, or root.
2. removal of portions of the cortex of a structure or organ, as of the brain, kidney, or lung.
3. a surgical procedure to remove a residual clot or new scar tissue following a hemothorax or untreated empyema.

de·cor·ti·ca·tion

(dē'kōr-ti-kā'shŭn),
1. Removal of the cortex, or external layer, beneath the capsule from any organ or structure.
2. An operation for removal of the residual clot and/or newly organized scar tissue that forms after a hemothorax or neglected empyema.
[L. decortico, pp. -atus, to deprive of bark, fr. de, from, + cortex, rind, bark]

decortication

/de·cor·ti·ca·tion/ (de-kor″tĭ-ka´shun)
1. removal of the outer covering from a plant, seed, or root.
2. removal of portions of the cortical substance of a structure or organ.

decortication

[dēkôr′tikā′shən]
Etymology: L, de + cortex, bark
(in medicine) the removal of portions of the cortex or surface layer of an organ or structure, such as the kidney, the brain, and the lung. decorticate, v., adj.

de·cor·ti·ca·tion

(dē-kōr'ti-kā'shŭn)
1. Removal of the cortex, or external layer, beneath the capsule from any organ or structure.
2. An operation to remove a clot and scar tissue that formed after a hemothorax or neglected empyema.
[L. decortico, pp. -atus, to deprive of bark, fr. de, from, + cortex, rind, bark]

decortication

Removal of the outer covering (CORTEX) of an organ.

Decortication

Surgical removal of the fibrous peel that covers the lungs in third-stage empyema.
Mentioned in: Empyema

de·cor·ti·ca·tion

(dē-kōr'ti-kā'shŭn)
Removal of the cortex, or external layer, beneath the capsule from any organ or structure.
[L. decortico, pp. -atus, to deprive of bark, fr. de, from, + cortex, rind, bark]

decortication, decortification

1. removal of the outer covering from a plant, seed or root.
2. removal of portions of the cortical substance of a structure or organ.
References in periodicals archive ?
pneumoniae CAP complicated by empyema that did not respond to broad spectrum antibiotics, drainage and decortication.
3%) treatment failure in open decortication Group that patient expired within the hospital (p-value 0.
The 16 LESS surgeries included 7 dismembered pyeloplasties (44%), 4 unilateral and 1 bilateral varicocelectomies (31%), 2 simple nephrectomies (13%), 1 renal cyst decortication (6%) in a child with large symptomatic multicystic kidney, and 1 pyelolithotomy (6%) in a child who had cystinuria and a history or multiple percutaneous nephrolithotomies (Table 1).
6,9) Acetabular decortication in the form of rim trimming was performed in order to leave a stable rim of articular cartilage.
The Spotlight system includes a set of retractors of various lengths with integrated fiber optic lighting and decortication instruments, all of which are designed for use with the company's Viper 3D MIS Correction Set.
The treatment options include medical anti- hypertensive treatment, percutaneous drainage, surgical decortication and nephrectomy.
After setting up more than 80 Laroche airlay units all over the world to make nonwoven products for different applications, Laroche will introduce the latest innovations in its airlay business, Flexiloft, as well as a new low cost process for the decortication of bast fibers specially dedicated to long fibers with optimum quality for technical applications as well as for classical textiles.
The bone bulge on lingual cortex due to crown of impacted tooth was identified and decortication of lingual cortex was carried out with surgical hand piece and round bur under coolant irrigation.
Six days after this second admission he undergoes a thoracotomy with wedge resection and decortication.
For example, potassium decreased by 10% following decortication and 50% after cooking whole chickpea grains [5].
He was transferred to the regional cardio-thoracic unit where he underwent a thoracotomy and decortication.
Louis Children's Hospital with intravenous antibiotics or tube drainage from 2007 to 2010 compared with 81 treated more aggressively with thoracotomy and decortication or video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS), which has become first-line treatment at the hospital and many other medical centers.