deconditioning


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deconditioning

 [de-kon-dish´un-ing]
the loss of muscle tone and endurance due to chronic disease, immobility, or loss of function.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

deconditioning

(dē″kŏn-dĭsh′ŭ-nĭng)
A loss of physical fitness due to failure to maintain an optimal level of physical activity or training. Inactivity for any reason may lead to deconditioning. For example, individuals placed on prolonged bedrest may experience overall deconditioning of the skeletal, muscular, circulatory, and respiratory systems.
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners
References in periodicals archive ?
"This work suggests the potential of a nutraceutical approach to reduce musculoskeletal deconditioning on a long-term mission to Mars."
The overall mean age was 21.84+-1.73 years (range: 17-24 years), and mean body mass index was 22.12+-3.6.Overall, 292 (41.8%) students were labelled as physically active and 410(58.8%) had sedentary lifestyle.Physical activity and cognition showed positive association (p=0.004) in students.Physically inactive participants showed cardiovascular and cognitive deconditioning with age (p = 0.68).
On August 30, Zuhour was diagnosed with generalised muscle weakness and severe muscle deconditioning. Meetings were held with Zuhour and her family to decide her plan of treatment, said Dr Ahmad Al Khayer, Medical Director of Rehabilitation Services
Nandrolone 50 mg IMI was prescribed to assist predominantly with weight gain, but also with deconditioning. He received his first dose on day 60 and a subsequent dose on day 69.
We need to develop effective countermeasures to tackle this deconditioning, to make sure astronauts stay fit and healthy."
Hospitalisation of older adults can cause cascades of functional decline (deconditioning), leading to loss of independence, diminished quality of life and increased falls and dependency.
An "activity intolerance" cascade may therefore occur in some individuals: First, rapid deconditioning after withdrawal from exercise results in a significant decrease in exercise tolerance.
They concluded that further studies are needed to determine if resistance exercise modalities can prevent hospital-related deconditioning in mobility and functionality.
But statins are associated with a variety of musculoskeletal disorders--including myopathy, myalgias, muscle weakness, back conditions, injuries, and arthropathies --which may be particularly harmful in older people and contribute to their physical deconditioning and frailty.
Exposure to microgravity eliminates gravitational loads to the spine and, therefore, results in vertebral deconditioning which is characterized by a lengthening of the spine, muscular atrophy, back pain, and herniated discs [3-5].
Community Physical Therapy treats conditions including cervical and lumbar pain, post-operative conditions, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, balance disorders, gait disorders, general weakness and deconditioning, postural dysfunctions, sports injuries, chronic pain and fibromyalgia.
But there are two potential issues that we need to consider as healthcare providers or savvy health consumers: (1) anabolic potential; (2) injuries and deconditioning