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the sudden stopping of movement, a frequent mechanism of motion injury. Common causes of deceleration injury are motor vehicle accidents and falls.
early deceleration in fetal heart rate monitoring, a transient decrease in heart rate that coincides with the onset of a uterine contraction.
late deceleration in fetal heart rate monitoring, a transient decrease in heart rate occurring at or after the peak of a uterine contraction and resulting from fetal hypoxia.
variable d's in fetal heart rate monitoring, a transient series of decelerations in heart rate that vary in duration, intensity, and relation to uterine contractions; they are abrupt in onset and cessation and result from vagus nerve firing in response to stimuli such as umbilical cord compression in the first stage of labor.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.
1. The act of decelerating.
2. The rate of decrease in velocity per unit of time.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.
decelerationDip Obstetrics A periodic & transient slowing of the fetal heart rate in response to uterine contractions, ie stress. See Fetal heart monitor, Uniform deceleration, Variable deceleration.
Uniform deceleration The fetal heart response to uterine contractions; UCs are symmetrical, have a uniform temporal relation thereto and are divided into:
Early deceleration/Type I dip Due to vagal stimulation elicited in the first stage of labor by fetal head compression
Late deceleration/Type II dip Due to uteroplacental insufficiency, potentially associated with a less favorable outcome; may signal early vasomotor lability
Variable deceleration The fetal heart response is asynchronous with respect to uterine contractions; the curves on the fetal heart monitor are more angled and saw-toothed, and may be related to compromise in placental blood flow, eg umbilical cord compression and, like late decelerations, may signify parturition-related difficulties
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
1. A slowing of contractions during the first stage of labor.
2. A slowing of the fetal heart rate during uterine contractions.
[de- + acceleration]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012
A decrease in the fetal heart rate that can indicate inadequate blood flow through the placenta.
Mentioned in: Antepartum Testing
Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
A slowing of contractions during the first stage of labor.
[de- + asceleration]
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012