decarboxylation


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Related to decarboxylation: Decarboxylation reaction

decarboxylation

 [de″kahr-bok″sĭ-la´shun]
removal of the carboxyl group from a compound.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

de·car·box·yl·a·tion

(dē'kar-bok'si-lā'shŭn),
A reaction involving the removal of a molecule of carbon dioxide from a carboxylic acid.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

de·car·box·yl·a·tion

(dē'kahr-bok-sil-ā'shŭn)
A reaction involving the removal of a molecule of carbon dioxide from a carboxylic acid.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

decarboxylation

the removal of carbon dioxide from a molecule, as in the conversion of oxalosuccinic acid (oxalosuccinate) (C6) to α-ketoglutaric acid (α-ketoglutarate) (C5) in the KREBS CYCLE.
Collins Dictionary of Biology, 3rd ed. © W. G. Hale, V. A. Saunders, J. P. Margham 2005

de·car·box·yl·a·tion

(dē'kahr-bok-sil-ā'shŭn)
Reaction involving removal of a molecule of carbon dioxide from a carboxylic acid.
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
The authors suggested that proper bone resorption by osteoclasts is required for the partial decarboxylation and activation of osteocalcin in vivo and determinant for glucose metabolism in mice.
They do not form a stable complex, so it is more appropriate to call it a "system" instead of a "complex." The H-protein is responsible for interacting with the three other proteins and acts as a shuttle for some of the intermediate products in glycine decarboxylation. In both animals and plants the GCS is loosely attached to the inner membrane of the mitochondria [1].
The input of NADPH via malate decarboxylation in BSC does not inhibit photosynthesis, because it merely compensates for insufficient NADPH synthesis in BSC, which lack PSII activity (Kirchanscki, 1975).
Given that mitochondria are the common pathway for the oxidative decarboxylation of fats, amino acids, and carbohydrates, it is understandable that mitochondrial dysfunction can impair cellular energy metabolism, which can be particularly apparent during periods of superimposed metabolic stress (e.g., exercise, infection, or prolonged fasting).
Decarboxylation of trans-cinnamic acid to benzoic acid and further 2- hydroxylation of benzoic acid to salicylic acid have also been reported [9,14].
The heating causes degradation of betalains by isomerization, decarboxylation or cleavage resulting in a gradual reduction of red and the appearance of a light brown color (HERBACH et al., 2006b).
Trimetazidine slows down the oxidation of fatty acids due to the selective inhibition of the long-chain 3-ketoacyl-CoA thiolase, leading to an increase in glucose oxidation and the restoration of interface between the glycolysis and the oxidative decarboxylation and causes the myocardial protection against ischemia.
Then, reaction is followed by imine hydrolysis and decarboxylation respectively (See Scheme 1).
They may have been caused by enzymatic decarboxylation of amino acids through the metabolism of yeasts during alcohol fermentation and/or lactic acid bacteria during malolactic fermentation (LONVAUD-FUNEL, 2001).