decarboxylases

decarboxylases

Enzymes that promote the freeing of COO from -COOH. These enzymes are involved in the synthesis of amine regulators and neurotransmitters such as serotonin and dopamine.
References in periodicals archive ?
In this project the MC fellow will exploit some novel technology under development in the lab of the supervisor to develop thermostable alpha-keto acid decarboxylases, which are not typically present in thermophiles.
Konig, "Subunit structure, function and organisation of pyruvate decarboxylases from various organisms," Biochimica et Biophysica Acta: Protein Structure and Molecular Enzymology, vol.
In a two-step pathway, pyruvate is converted to acetaldehyde by the enzyme pyruvate decarboxylase (PDC, EC 4.1.1.1).
The enzymes used in their work include amino acid-lyases, (48)-(57) aromatic amino acid decarboxylases, (58)-(64) and amine oxidases.
(1944) Studies on bacterial amino-acid decarboxylases. Biochem.
Tobin, "Two genes encode distinct glutamate decarboxylases," Neuron, vol.
Previous studies have focused on dopamine restoration in the neurotransmitter-depleted and denervated striatum [8, 9] by introducing essential enzymes for dopamine production, such as tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) [10-14], aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase (AADC) [15, 16], and guanosine triphosphate (GTP) cyclohydrolase I (GTPC-I) [1,17].
Generally species Bacillus, Citrobacter, Clostridium, Escherichia, Klebsiella, Lactobacillus, Pedicoccus, Photobacterium, Salmonella, Shigella, and Streptococcus pointing out decarboxylases activity amino acid [3].
Concluded Nitrococcus sp and Acinetobacter baumannii can't decompose L-histidine becomes histamine so called by Non-Decarboxylase Bacteria and Planococcus citreus, Bacillus megaterium and Enterobacter gergoviae can decompose L-histidine becomes histamine so called by Decarboxylases Bacteria.
Interestingly, CsOxOx shares greatest sequence homology with the bicupin microbial oxalate decarboxylases. We report here the expression of oxalate oxidase from Ceriporiopsis subvermispora by Pichia pastoris and its subsequent purification.
Oxalate oxidase and oxalate decarboxylase are used in clinical assays of oxalate in blood and urine.
ABSTRACT--Aciduric, pH-elevating Bacillus, which cause non-effervescent spoilage of under-processed tomatoes, were shown to have an L-lysine decarboxylase optimally active at pH 5.5 and in the 48 h cultural age.