decarboxylase


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decarboxylase

 [de″kahr-bok´sĭ-lās]
any of the lyase class of enzymes that catalyze the removal of a carbon dioxide molecule from a compound.

de·car·box·yl·ase

(dē'kar-bok'sil-ās),
Any enzyme that removes a molecule of carbon dioxide from a carboxylic group (for example, from an α-amino acid, converting it into an amine).

de·car·box·yl·ase

(dē'kahr-bok'sil-ās)
Any enzyme (EC subclass 4.1.1) that removes a molecule of carbon dioxide from a carboxylic group.
References in periodicals archive ?
Spectrum of neurological syndromes associated with glutamic acid decarboxylase antibodies: Diagnostic clues for this association.
Sagasta et al., "Autoantibodies to glutamic acid decarboxylase in three patients with cerebellar ataxia, late-onset insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, and polyendocrine autoimmunity," Neurology, vol.
Bingley, "Diabetes Antibody Standardization Program: evaluation of assays for autoantibodies to glutamic acid decarboxylase and islet antigen-2," Diabetologia, vol.
Ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) is required for the first step of polyamine synthesis in which ornithine is decarboxylated to produce putrescine.
Sodium chloride plays a major role in microbial growth and therefore influences the activity of their amino acids decarboxylase (Zaman et al., 2009).
barkeri and other methanogenic archaea, the SH decarboxylase AhbAB is composed of two protein subunits encoded by two distinct genes.
Sabater et al., "Spectrum of neurological syndromes associated with glutamic acid decarboxylase antibodies: diagnostic clues for this association," Brain, vol.
Autoantibodies to glutamic acid decarboxylase in a patient with stiff-man syndrome, epilepsy, and type I diabetes mellitus.
Following ICA and IAA, autoantibodies to glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) were next discovered.
PanD encodes aspartate decarboxylase, which is involved in synthesis of the amino acid beta-alanine, a precursor for pantothenate (which is vitamin B5) and co-enzyme A biosynthesis.
(6),(9) From these early steps, only the tyrosine/DOPA decarboxylase (an aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase; TYDC), which converts tyrosine and DOPA to their corresponding amines, and the aminotransferase have been purified and characterized.