deamination


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Related to deamination: transamination, Oxidative deamination

deamination

 [de-am″ĭ-na´shun]
removal of the amino group, -NH2, from a compound.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

de·am·i·na·tion

, deaminization (dē-am'i-nā'shŭn, dē-am'i-ni-zā'shŭn),
Removal, usually by hydrolysis, of the NH2 group from an amino compound.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

de·am·i·na·tion

, deaminization (dē'am-i-nā'shŭn, dē-am'i-nī-zā'shŭn)
Removal, usually by hydrolysis, of the NH2 group from an amino compound.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

deamination

Removal of the amino group from a molecule. When an NH2 group is replaced by an oxygen atom a ketone is formed and the process is described as oxidative deamination. If the amino group is terminal, the process should, strictly, be called deamidation.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005

deamination

the removal of the amino group (NH2) from a molecule, as in the release of ammonia (NH3) from AMINO ACIDS, the residue of which can then enter the KREBS CYCLE usually via ACETYLCOENZYME A. The amino group then enters the ORNITHINE CYCLE.
Collins Dictionary of Biology, 3rd ed. © W. G. Hale, V. A. Saunders, J. P. Margham 2005

de·am·i·na·tion

, deaminization (dē'am-i-nā'shŭn, dē-am'i-nī-zā'shŭn)
Removal, usually by hydrolysis, of the NH2 group from an amino compound.
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
deamination (to form carbocations) of compounds such as
(2004), this reduction highlights the better exploitation of the energy available in feed caused by the effect of the additive on gram positive bacteria, with suppression of caloric losses, mainly caused by the reduction of gas production, reduction of amino acid deamination and increased propionate production.
Reaction cocktail in 0.1 M Tris-HCl buffer (pH 8.0) contained the 4 NTPs (0.6 mM each), Ca[Cl.sub.2] (3.5 mM), 5 units of RNase inhibitor, 5 units of DNase 1, and 5 [micro]g actinomycin D for both the amination, and the deamination directions.
It is also involved in the deamination or removal of amino acids.
Fluvoxamine is extensively metabolized in the liver, primarily through oxidative demethylation and deamination. (1) Nine metabolites constitute 85% of the urinary excretion product; the main metabolite is fluvoxamine acid.
(21) As there was no recorded change in amino acid metabolism, this effect may be explained by reduced AMP deamination.
Amine oxidase catalyses the oxidative deamination of amines to the corresponding aldehyde, ammonia, and hydrogen peroxide [8, 11]:
Monoamine oxidase (MAO) catalyzes the oxidative deamination of biogenic amines accompaned by the release of [H.sub.2][O.sub.2].
deamination, as found by Sen and Chalk (1993) who measured significant deamination following the application of urea to soil.
The low NH3-N may be the result of reduced deamination process in the rumen and enhanced ammonia utilization by microorganisms (Hristov et al., 2005).
There may be degradation of 70% of soluble forage protein (Barry and Manley 1984), converted into ammonia by deamination of amino acids.
Whiter and Kung [22] stated that homofermentative LAB reduce proteolysis and deamination of silage through a more rapid fall in pH.