dacryoliths

dacryoliths

Concretions found in the lacrimal apparatus, in the puncta or canaliculi which it may occlude. The concretions are usually composed of epithelial cells, lipid, nonspecific debris as well as calcium.
References in periodicals archive ?
Chronic infection may also lead to formation of dacryoliths and subsequent obstructive signs and symptoms.
6,7) Canaliculotomy and curettage of the dacryoliths are the gold standard in treatment.
All dacryoliths and sulfur granules were carefully removed by curettage using a chalazion curette.
A monitor shows the images obtained through the little endoscope in the probe, while an irrigation cannula and a laser or microdrill for treating stenoses and dacryoliths (stones in the lacrimal sac) are available options.
1) In the remaining 60% of patients, there appeared to be no obvious preoperative cause of obstruction; of these patients, 65% were found to have dacryoliths at surgery.
Actinomyces species were most commonly isolated (75%) and dacryoliths were present in six of the cases.
The insufficient drainage is due to either congenital causes like punctal atresia, diverticulum or fistula from sac to nose or cheek, Nasolacrimal Duct Obstruction (NLD), agenesis or acquired causes (1) like punctal stenosis due to age-related atrophic processes, chronic disease, dacryoliths, allergy, systemic chemotherapeutic agents, postherpetic infection (Herpes simplex, varicella zoster), bacterial infection (Actinomyces, Chlamydia), Wegener granulomatosis, sarcoidosis, hay fever, atopy, etc.
Dacryoliths are calculi of the lacrimal system observed incidentally during dacryocystorhinostomy.
Dacryoliths were initially described by Cesoni in 1670.
It maybe inflammatory or noninflammatory, neoplastic, foreign bodies, dacryoliths, infective (bacterial, viral and fungal), noninfective (atonic), acute or chronic form.
Mechanical lacrimal drainage obstructions may be due to intraluminal foreign bodies, such as dacryoliths or casts.
Moreover, eyelashes can be washed out into the lower drainage system where they can cause tear stagnation and act as a nidus for dacryolith.