cytotoxin


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cytotoxin

 [si´to-tok″sin]
a toxin having a specific toxic action on cells of special organs.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

cy·to·tox·in

(sī'tō-tok'sin),
A specific substance, which may or may not be an antibody, that inhibits or prevents the functions of cells, causes destruction of cells, or both.
See also: perforin.
[cyto- + G. toxikon, poison]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

cytotoxin

(sī′tə-tŏk′sĭn)
n.
A substance having a specific toxic effect on certain cells.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

cy·to·tox·in

(sī'tō-tok'sin)
A specific substance (which may or may not be an antibody) that inhibits or prevents the functions of cells, causes destruction of cells, or both.
[cyto- + G. toxikon, poison]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

cytotoxin

an agent toxic to CELLS, that is, capable of damaging or destroying them.
Collins Dictionary of Biology, 3rd ed. © W. G. Hale, V. A. Saunders, J. P. Margham 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Comparison of four commercially available rapid enzyme immunoassays with cytotoxin assay for detection of Clostridium difficile toxin(s) from stool specimens.
Hirayama, "Pleiotropic actions of Helicobacter pylori vacuolating cytotoxin, VacA," The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine, vol.
Rael, "Snake Venom Cytotoxins, Phospholipase A2s, and Zn2+-dependent Metalloproteinases: Mechanisms of Action and Pharmacological Relevance," Journal of Clinical Toxicology, vol.
Cover, "Mosaicism in vacuolating cytotoxin alleles of Helicobacter-pylori--Association of specific vacA types with cytotoxin production and peptic ulceration," The Journal of Biological Chemistry, vol.
Puri, "Overexpressed cell surface interleukin-4 receptor molecules can be successfully targeted for antitumor cytotoxin therapy," Critical Reviews in Immunology, vol.
Isolation and characterization of a cytotoxin produced by Plesiomonas shigelloides P-1 strain.
The venom of Egyptian cobra (Naja haje; L.) is complex and it has been considered as a good source of short neurotoxins and several cytotoxins. In this study oxidative stress inductions as well as apoptotic effects of the Egyptian cobra crude venom at a dose of 0.025mg/kg (intraperitoneal injection; i.p.) has been investigated in kidney of rats after 4 h.
Randomized controlled field trial to assess efficacy of a Moraxella bovis pilin-cytotoxin-Moraxella bovoculi cytotoxin subunit vaccine to prevent naturally occurring infectious bovine keratoconjunctivitis.
Immune traits were contain of white blood cell (WBC), granulocyte, lymphocyte, monocyte (MO), rate of cytotoxin in monocyte (MC) and CD4/CD8 T lymphocyte subpopulations, All blood samples were directly injected into VACUETTE Serum Clot Activator tubes for detection of blood parameters and T lymphocyte subpopulations; All these hematological parameters were measured by MEK-6318K type full automatic Hematology Analyzer (Nihon Kohden, Tokyo, Japan).
These include the life and works of Lourdes Cruz (discoverer of cytotoxin from Conus snail), Gregorio Zara (inventor of the videophone) and Arturo Alcaraz (the birth of geothermal energy industry).
Kim et al., "Role of vacuolating cytotoxin VacA and cytotoxin -associated antigen CagA of Helicobacter pylori in the progression of gastric cancer," Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry, 2014.