cytolysis


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to cytolysis: immune cytolysis

cytolysis

 [si-tol´ĭ-sis]
cell lysis; the destruction of cells by rupture or disintegration of the membrane and loss of cell contents, such as that produced by viruses, antibodies and complement, or by a hypotonic environment. See also cytotoxicity.
immune cytolysis cell lysis produced by antibody with the participation of complement.

cy·tol·y·sis

(sī-tol'i-sis),
The dissolution of a cell.
[cyto- + G. lysis, loosening]

cytolysis

/cy·tol·y·sis/ (-sis) the dissolution of cells.cytolyt´ic
immune cytolysis  cell lysis produced by antibody with the participation of complement.

cytolysis

(sī-tŏl′ĭ-sĭs)
n.
The dissolution or destruction of a cell.

cy′to·lyt′ic (sī′tə-lĭt′ĭk) adj.

cytolysis

[sītol′isis] pl. cytolyses
Etymology: Gk, kytos + lyein, to loosen
the destruction or breakdown of cells, primarily by the disintegration of the plasma membrane. A kind of cytolysis is immune cytolysis. cytolytic, adj.

cy·tol·y·sis

(sī-tol'i-sis)
The dissolution of a cell.
[cyto- + G. lysis, loosening]

cytolysis

the breakdown of cells.

cytolysis

the dissolution of cells.

immune cytolysis
cell lysis produced by antibody with the participation of complement.
References in periodicals archive ?
1998) reported dermatitis in buffaloes fed on feed, mineral mixture bypass protein along with urea and molasses for about 6 months, dermatitis was characterized by hyperkeratinisation of stratum corneum, hyperplasia of basal dermal layer, cytolysis in some sebaceous glands with occasional complete loss of secretory cells, less conspicuous or complete loss of dermal papillae, subcutaneous adipose tissue disappearance, reduction in number and size of hair follicles.
1989) observed distinct depletion of stain and cytolysis post papain and iodoacetate injection which was comparable with bovine serum albumin induced OA (Van den Berg et al.
One of the main indications of activity of pathologic process in the liver is cytolysis.
26) The recent European guidelines insist on performing cytology on fresh urine with adequate fixation and also state that morning urine is unsuitable because cytolysis may be present.
Following 28 days chlorpyrifos exposure, the prolactin cells exhibit further degranulation and at some places, vacuolization and cytolysis are also observed (Figure 5).
Pathogenetically, their hearing loss is related to acoustic neuritis with fibrosis for measles and direct viruses -induced cytolysis by atrophy of the corti organ for mump viruses.
Resorption (stage 5): Cytolysis begins in the gonad (phagocytic cells are common) and follicles become very small and practically empty.
Since there is no viraemia or cytolysis associated with initial viral infection of the cervix, there is no activation of the innate immune system and no inflammation.
Two days later, because of a further increase of hepatic cytolysis enzymes and bilirubin, the patient was transferred to our ICU, the reference regional centre for hepatic diseases, with the diagnosis of acute hepatitis of aetiology to be defined.
This delayed release reflects the more gradual occurrence of necrosis and cytolysis found histopathologically in ischemic stroke, in contrast to the immediate cell destruction in case of ICH (17, 18).
Down-regulation of HLA-G boosted natural killer cell-mediated cytolysis in JEG-3 cells cultured in vitro.
Differential role of Fas/Fas ligand interactions in cytolysis of primary and metastatic colon carcinoma cell lines by human antigen-specific CD8+ CTL.