cytolysis


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Related to cytolysis: immune cytolysis

cytolysis

 [si-tol´ĭ-sis]
cell lysis; the destruction of cells by rupture or disintegration of the membrane and loss of cell contents, such as that produced by viruses, antibodies and complement, or by a hypotonic environment. See also cytotoxicity.
immune cytolysis cell lysis produced by antibody with the participation of complement.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

cy·tol·y·sis

(sī-tol'i-sis),
The dissolution of a cell.
[cyto- + G. lysis, loosening]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

cytolysis

(sī-tŏl′ĭ-sĭs)
n.
The dissolution or destruction of a cell.

cy′to·lyt′ic (sī′tə-lĭt′ĭk) adj.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

cy·tol·y·sis

(sī-tol'i-sis)
The dissolution of a cell.
[cyto- + G. lysis, loosening]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

cytolysis

the breakdown of cells.
Collins Dictionary of Biology, 3rd ed. © W. G. Hale, V. A. Saunders, J. P. Margham 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
For each of the 2 patients reported here, illness was similar: relatively mild disease despite jaundice and severe cytolysis (AST >1,200 IU/L, ALT >1,500 IU/L at diagnosis), known risk factors associated with higher mortality rates (4).
Fiori, "Symbiotic association with Mycoplasma hominis can influence growth rate, ATP production, cytolysis and inflammatory response of Trichomonas vaginalis," Frontiers in Microbiology, vol.
Two viral titer peaks were observed in our simulation model and was able to show that cytolysis of infected cells by NK cells during innate immune response is responsible for the rapid viral decline after the first peak and for the subsequent second peak.
The cytolysis of Gram-negative bacteria releases lipopolysaccharides (LPS) that induce proinflammatory cytokines and result in insulin resistance.
The observed immune recovery in this study may be due to reduction in chronic immune activation, cytolysis, cytotoxic viral proteins, and an increase in thymic function though there is not much data on these parameters for analysis to support this claim [2, 7,15, 26].
Their results indicate that when choriocapillaris is exposed to MAC, choroidal endothelial cells are susceptible to complement-mediated cytolysis in a concentration- and dose-dependent manner [18].
The mTOR signaling pathway plays a critical role in effector T cell function, the downregulation of which will result in impaired cell cytolysis and incapability of virus elimination.
Vitale et al., "Activating receptors and coreceptors involved in human natural killer cell-mediated cytolysis," Annual Review of Immunology, vol.
Cryoinjuries can be detected as cell lesions, caused by the decrease of selected functions to the total cell destruction (cytolysis).
This organism invades the human gut by first adhering to the intestinal mucosa and then secreting enzymes for cytolysis (1).
"Higher magnification con firms the lack of identifiable keratin filaments, and reveals prominent microtubules." Lesionai skin shows not only the paucity of keratin filaments but clear evidence of cytolysis, with numerous autophagosomes, autolysosomes, and disruption of organelles in the cellular cytoplasm.
Laboratory assessments in patients with HCV infection include, at a minimum: complete blood count (close monitoring of platelet count), coagulation, blood electrolytes, evaluation of cholestasis and hepatic cytolysis, fasting serum glucose, serum albumin, urea, creatinine, eGFR calculation, alpha-fetoprotein.