cytolysin


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

cytolysin

 [si-tol´ĭ-sin]
a substance or antibody that produces cytolysis.

cy·tol·y·sin

(sī-tol'i-sin),
A substance that is, an antibody that effects partial or complete destruction of an animal cell; may require complement.
See also: perforin.

cytolysin

/cy·tol·y·sin/ (si-tol´ĭ-sin) a substance or antibody that produces cytolysis.

cytolysin

(sī-tŏl′ĭ-sĭn)
n.
A substance, such as an antibody, capable of dissolving or destroying cells.

cytolysin

[sītol′isin]
Etymology: Gk, kytos + lyein, to loosen
an antibody that dissolves antigenic cells. Examples of cytolysin are bacteriolysin and hemolysin.

cy·tol·y·sin

(sī-tol'i-sin)
A substance, i.e., an antibody, which effects partial or complete destruction of an animal cell; may require complement.
See also: perforin

cytolysin

a substance or antibody which causes cytolysis.
References in periodicals archive ?
Ohno-Iwashita, Interaction of Theta-Toxin (Perfringolysin O), a Cholesterol-Binding Cytolysin, with Liposomal Membranes: Change in the Aromatic Side Chains Upon Binding and Insertion, Biochem.
Menestrina (2001) Effects of lipid composition on membrane permeabilization by Sticholysin I and II, two cytolysins of the sea anemone Stichodactyla helianthus.
Vibrio cholerae cytolysin is essential for high enterotoxicity and apoptosis induction produced by a cholera toxin gene-negative V.
Pleurotolysin, a novel sphingomyelin-specific two-component cytolysin from the edible mushroom Pleurotus ostreatus, assembles into a transmembrane pore complex.
Shvets (1998): <<Low-molecular cytolysins and trypsin inhibitors from sea anemone Radianthus macrodactylus.
Sword and shield: linked group B streptococcal beta-hemolysin/ cytolysin and carotenoid pigment function to subvert host phagocyte defense.
SLO is an important GAS cytolysin that enhances cytotoxicity and toxin translocation (34,35), and its heightened expression would be expected to increase virulence.
metschnikovii produces a cytolysin with hemolytic properties (10).
These findings suggest that neither metalloprotease nor cytolysin is essential for the virulence or invasiveness of V.
Characterization of anthrolysin O, the Bacillus anthracis cholesterol-dependent cytolysin.
Moreover, STEC strains almost invariably harbor a 97-kb plasmid encoding possible additional virulence traits such as STEC hemolysin (which acts as a pore-forming cytolysin on eukaryotic cells [7]); the bifunctional catalase peroxidase KatP (8); a secreted serine protease (espP, which can cleave human coagulation factor V [9]); and the etpD gene cluster (which probably encodes a type II secretion pathway [10, 11]).