cytology


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cytology

 [si-tol´o-je]
the study of cells, their origin, structure, function, and pathology. adj., adj cytolog´ic.
aspiration biopsy cytology (ABC) the microscopic study of cells from superficial or internal lesions obtained by aspiration biopsy.
exfoliative cytology microscopic examination of cells desquamated from a body surface or lesion, done to detect malignancy or microbiologic changes, to measure hormonal levels, and for other purposes. The cells may be obtained by such procedures as aspiration, washing, smear, and scraping, and the technique may also be applied to secretions such as sputum, urine, abdominal fluid, prostatic secretions, and vaginal secretions.

cy·tol·o·gy

(sī-tol'ō-jē),
The study of the anatomy, physiology, pathology, and chemistry of the cell.
[cyto- + G. logos, study]

cytology

(sī-tŏl′ə-jē)
n.
The branch of biology that deals with the formation, structure, and function of cells.

cy′to·log′ic (-tə-lŏj′ĭk), cy′to·log′i·cal adj.
cy·tol′o·gist n.

cytology

Cell biology
The biology of structure, function, multiplication, pathology, and history of cells. In the working parlance, “cell biology” is preferred to “cytology,” given the obvious potential for confusion with health professionals (cytologists and cytotechnologists) who examine cell specimens to render clinical diagnoses. Those who study such phenomena are called cell biologists, not cytologists.

Medspeak
The formal discipline in which cells are studied and the changes seen correlated with the clinical findings in patients.
 
Pathology
The microscopic examination of body fluids for the detection of disease; in cytology, the most common specimen is the Pap smear, a normal component of a gynaecologic examination which is the best means of detecting early, curable stages of cancer of the uterine cervix—formerly the most common cause of death in sexually active women—as well as viral, fungal and other infections of the female genital tract. Cytology specimens can be obtained from various fluids (urine, CSF, or sputum or discharges) specifically as a means of detecting abnormal or malignant cells.

cytology

1. The formal discipline in which cells are studied and the changes seen correlated with the clinical findings in Pts.
2. Cytologic examination, cytologic study The microscopic examination of body fluids for the detection of disease; in cytology, the most common specimen is the Pap smear, a normal component of a gynecologic examination and is the best means of detecting early, curable stages of cancer the uterine cervix–formerly the most common cause of death in sexually active ♀ as well as viral, fungal and other infections of the ♀ genital tract; cytology specimens can be obtained from various fluids–urine, CSF, or sputum or discharges, specifically as a means of detecting abnormal or malignant cells. See Aspiration cytology, Automated cytology, Bile cytology, Brush cytology, Exfoliative cytology, Fine needle aspiration cytology, Needle aspiration cytology, Ocular cytology, Pap smear, Screening, Touch cytology, Urine cytology.

cy·tol·o·gy

(sī-tol'ŏ-jē)
The study of the anatomy, physiology, pathology, and chemistry of the cell.
Synonym(s): cellular biology.
[cyto- + G. logos, study]

cytology

1. The study of cells.
2. An abbreviation of the phrase ‘exfoliative cytology’ the examination of isolated cells, obtained from cervical smears, sputum or elsewhere, to determine whether or not they are cancerous.

cytology

the study of cells.

cytology 

A study of cells to detect diseases. The usual procedure is to obtain a sample, to fix it on a glass slide, treat it with various dyes and inspect it under a microscope. Differential staining allows identification of the cells and their state of health.

cy·tol·o·gy

(sī-tol'ŏ-jē)
The study of the anatomy, physiology, pathology, and chemistry of the cell.
[cyto- + G. logos, study]
References in periodicals archive ?
In this study the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and overall diagnostic accuracy of Fine needle aspiration cytology were calculated by correlating the results of cytology with histopathology by using Galen and Gambino method with following formulas.
Touch imprint cytology, Histopathological reports of 51 cases were recorded and correlative study was done.
There was also one case of retro-orbital dermoid cyst on cytology.
Thus, we sought to establish a strong multidisciplinary group for anal cancer prevention and management of anal dysplasia in the Chicago metro area by reviewing results of anal cytology, anoscopy, anal biopsy, and early results of HR-HPV reflex testing for atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance (ASCUS).
The evidence report sought to address the benefits and harms of cervical cancer screening using hrHPV screening alone as the primary screening method or paired with cytology (cotesting), compared with primary screening using cytology alone.
however, the added value on the basis of increased costs is limited." The guidelines further note that the hrHPV testing component has been shown to provide most of the reassurance from a co-test (6) and that the cost-effectiveness analysis from the ARTISTIC (A Randomized Trial In Screening To Improve Cytology) trial suggests that primary hrHPV screening would be more cost-effective than cervical cytology screening.
The bile juice from the gallbladder was first siphoned and collected for cytologic examination just after the ETGD was placed (first ETGD cytology).
The 5-year risks were similar with an HPV-negative cotest result, regardless of the outcome of cytology: 0.114%, 0.061%, and 0.041%.
Their results were reported in JAMA Oncology and showed that nearly 4.5% of the first cytology results per woman in the screening programme were reported as atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance.
Advancements in the cytology and histology save the time for pathologists, hence this makes the service more cost-effective.
Anal cytology is an important preventative screening method for patients at risk for anal carcinoma.