cytology

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cytology

 [si-tol´o-je]
the study of cells, their origin, structure, function, and pathology. adj., adj cytolog´ic.
aspiration biopsy cytology (ABC) the microscopic study of cells from superficial or internal lesions obtained by aspiration biopsy.
exfoliative cytology microscopic examination of cells desquamated from a body surface or lesion, done to detect malignancy or microbiologic changes, to measure hormonal levels, and for other purposes. The cells may be obtained by such procedures as aspiration, washing, smear, and scraping, and the technique may also be applied to secretions such as sputum, urine, abdominal fluid, prostatic secretions, and vaginal secretions.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

cy·tol·o·gy

(sī-tol'ō-jē),
The study of the anatomy, physiology, pathology, and chemistry of the cell.
[cyto- + G. logos, study]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

cytology

(sī-tŏl′ə-jē)
n.
The branch of biology that deals with the formation, structure, and function of cells.

cy′to·log′ic (-tə-lŏj′ĭk), cy′to·log′i·cal adj.
cy·tol′o·gist n.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

cytology

Cell biology
The biology of structure, function, multiplication, pathology, and history of cells. In the working parlance, “cell biology” is preferred to “cytology,” given the obvious potential for confusion with health professionals (cytologists and cytotechnologists) who examine cell specimens to render clinical diagnoses. Those who study such phenomena are called cell biologists, not cytologists.

Medspeak
The formal discipline in which cells are studied and the changes seen correlated with the clinical findings in patients.
 
Pathology
The microscopic examination of body fluids for the detection of disease; in cytology, the most common specimen is the Pap smear, a normal component of a gynaecologic examination which is the best means of detecting early, curable stages of cancer of the uterine cervix—formerly the most common cause of death in sexually active women—as well as viral, fungal and other infections of the female genital tract. Cytology specimens can be obtained from various fluids (urine, CSF, or sputum or discharges) specifically as a means of detecting abnormal or malignant cells.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

cytology

1. The formal discipline in which cells are studied and the changes seen correlated with the clinical findings in Pts.
2. Cytologic examination, cytologic study The microscopic examination of body fluids for the detection of disease; in cytology, the most common specimen is the Pap smear, a normal component of a gynecologic examination and is the best means of detecting early, curable stages of cancer the uterine cervix–formerly the most common cause of death in sexually active ♀ as well as viral, fungal and other infections of the ♀ genital tract; cytology specimens can be obtained from various fluids–urine, CSF, or sputum or discharges, specifically as a means of detecting abnormal or malignant cells. See Aspiration cytology, Automated cytology, Bile cytology, Brush cytology, Exfoliative cytology, Fine needle aspiration cytology, Needle aspiration cytology, Ocular cytology, Pap smear, Screening, Touch cytology, Urine cytology.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

cy·tol·o·gy

(sī-tol'ŏ-jē)
The study of the anatomy, physiology, pathology, and chemistry of the cell.
Synonym(s): cellular biology.
[cyto- + G. logos, study]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

cytology

1. The study of cells.
2. An abbreviation of the phrase ‘exfoliative cytology’ the examination of isolated cells, obtained from cervical smears, sputum or elsewhere, to determine whether or not they are cancerous.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005

cytology

the study of cells.
Collins Dictionary of Biology, 3rd ed. © W. G. Hale, V. A. Saunders, J. P. Margham 2005

cytology 

A study of cells to detect diseases. The usual procedure is to obtain a sample, to fix it on a glass slide, treat it with various dyes and inspect it under a microscope. Differential staining allows identification of the cells and their state of health.
Millodot: Dictionary of Optometry and Visual Science, 7th edition. © 2009 Butterworth-Heinemann

cy·tol·o·gy

(sī-tol'ŏ-jē)
The study of the anatomy, physiology, pathology, and chemistry of the cell.
[cyto- + G. logos, study]
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
The diagnostic significance of the cytologic study of the fluid may be attributable to the fact that cell population present in the sediment is representative of a much larger surface area than obtained by needle biopsy.
Diagnostic performance of Hybrid Capture human papillomavirus deoxyribonucleic acid assay combined with liquid based cytologic study. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1996; 175:651-6.