cytologic screening

cy·to·log·ic screen·ing

a screening for the detection of early disease, usually cancer, through microscopic examination of a cellular specimen by inspecting each cell and structure present, usually at ×100 magnification with a mechanical stage, so that all areas are screened; the findings are evaluated and significant abnormalities are flagged (for example, by dotting the cover slip) for further evaluation by a cytopathologist. This screening is usually performed by a cytotechnologist, but at times is done by automated machine prescreening.
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Whether cytologic screening is efficacious in preventing anal cancer remains unproven (though probable), while cytology screening has proved valuable in preventing cervical cancer (though not in a randomized trial).
5) Furthermore, colposcopic evaluation and biopsy of patients with abnormal cytologic screening test results that are less severe than high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL) have been recommended to maximize histopathologic identification of CIN 2/3 lesions commonly associated with cytologic abnormalities less severe than HSIL.
Digital anal-rectal examination and anal cytologic screening followed by annual screening is recommended in the following women:
cohort of 19,512 women who underwent routine cytologic screening when they were aged 16-94 years at baseline in 1989-1990.
Automated screening instruments have improved the sensitivity of cytologic screening.
These data support the need for studies of anal cytologic screening of HIV-positive women.
For HPV or cytologic screening, the nurse-midwives collected cervical cells for testing; women received results within two weeks, and those who tested positive were given appointments for colposcopy, biopsy and treatment.
The availability of a non cytologic screening method not requiring a vaginal speculum examination may reduce underscreening in women who have access to health care.
The introduction of liquid-based cytology, such as the ThinPrep[R] Pap Test[TM], has had the effect of improving the sensitivity of conventional cytologic screening with the potential for HPV testing of residual cellular material in borderline or difficult cases (5-7).
pachydermatis organisms on the skin and in the ear canals may increase dramatically, making it possible to readily identify the organism with rapid cytologic screening (11-13).
Such a low risk of cervical cancer in women for whom fewer than 3 years have elapsed since their first intercourse, coupled with a very high rate of transient HPV infection and low-grade Pap test abnormalities, promoted a more rational approach to deciding at which age cytologic screening should begin.
Based on their experience, these researchers have established institutional guidelines indicating that patients with AGCUS on cytologic screening undergo immediate, intensive diagnostic studies including colposcopy, endocervical curettage and endometrial biopsy.