Data from large randomized trials suggest cytologic screening
is slightly less sensitive than hrHPV testing in detecting high-grade (grade 2 or 3) cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN).
for the detection of cancer in the uterine cervix--A survey in Patna (India).
Some experts recommend anal cytologic screening
or high-resolution anoscopy for HIV-positive men and women, but it's worth noting that strategy hasn't been incorporated into any national practice guidelines.
A 4-step discordance was considered a cytologic screening
Acetic acid visualization of the cervix: an alternative to cytologic screening
. Obstet Gynecol 1996;88:383-6.
Whether cytologic screening
is efficacious in preventing anal cancer remains unproven (though probable), while cytology screening has proved valuable in preventing cervical cancer (though not in a randomized trial).
Digital anal-rectal examination and anal cytologic screening
followed by annual screening is recommended in the following women:
Castle and his colleagues analyzed data from a Portland, Ore., cohort of 19,512 women who underwent routine cytologic screening
when they were aged 16-94 years at baseline in 1989-1990.
Automated screening instruments have improved the sensitivity of cytologic screening
. Computer-assisted automated imaging screens for dark, hyperchromatic cells which are reviewed by CTs ensure the worrisome areas on each slide are examined so further diagnostic information can be provided.
These data support the need for studies of anal cytologic screening
of HIV-positive women.
For HPV or cytologic screening
, the nurse-midwives collected cervical cells for testing; women received results within two weeks, and those who tested positive were given appointments for colposcopy, biopsy and treatment.
The availability of a non cytologic screening
method not requiring a vaginal speculum examination may reduce underscreening in women who have access to health care.