cytogenetics

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cytogenetics

 [si″to-jĕ-net´iks]
that branch of genetics devoted to the cellular constituents concerned in heredity, i.e., the chromosomes.
clinical cytogenetics the branch of cytogenetics concerned with relations between chromosomal abnormalities and pathologic conditions.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

cy·to·ge·net·ics

(sī'tō-jĕ-net'iks),
The branch of genetics concerned with the structure and function of the cell, especially the chromosomes.

Cytogenetics arose as a fusion of 19th-century cytology and 20th-century genetics, which came into being in 1903 with the articulation of the chromosome theory of inheritance. The developing field concerned itself with detailing the behavior of chromosomes and their functional subunits, the genes, during reproduction, and with relating that behavior statistically to characteristics of the resulting cells or animals. Modern molecular cytogenetics involves the microscopic study of chromosomes that have been fixed in mitosis and stained with various agents to delineate characteristic bands. DNA probes can be applied to locate specific gene sequences. Karyotyping is the arrangement of photographs of stained chromosomes in a standard format. Cytogenetic techniques are used to test for inborn errors of metabolism and genomic aberrations such as Down syndrome and to determine sex in cases where anatomy is inconclusive.

Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

cytogenetics

(sī′tō-jə-nĕt′ĭks)
n. (used with a sing. verb)
The branch of genetics that deals with the cellular components, particularly chromosomes, that are associated with heredity.

cy′to·ge·net′ic, cy′to·ge·net′i·cal adj.
cy′to·ge·net′i·cal·ly adv.
cy′to·ge·net′i·cist (-sĭst) n.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

cy·to·ge·net·ics

(sī'tō-jĕ-net'iks)
The branch of genetics concerned with the structure and function of the cell, especially the chromosomes. Modern molecular cytogenetics involves the microscopic study of chromosomes that have been arranged as karyotypes. Individuals can be classified according to characteristic banding patterns that appear when the karyotypes are exposed to some dyes. In addition, DNA probes may be applied to locate specific gene sequences. Cytogenetic techniques are used to test for inborn errors of metabolism, for disorders such as Down syndrome, and to determine sex in cases where anatomy is inconclusive.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

cytogenetics

the study of the inheritance of cells and their chromosomes. Cytogenetic analysis of foetal cells (see AMNIOCENTESIS and CYSTIC FIBROSIS) is used to assess potential risks to the baby.
Collins Dictionary of Biology, 3rd ed. © W. G. Hale, V. A. Saunders, J. P. Margham 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
RUNX1 mutations are associated with poor outcome in younger and older patients with cytogenetically normal acute myeloid leukemia and with distinct gene and MicroRNA expression signatures.
Both IDH1 and 2 mutations are associated with poor prognosis in AML.IDH1 mutations are more frequently found in cytogenetically normal AML correlated with lower CR rates.26 AML patients having both NPM1 and IDH1 and/or IDH2 mutation show better prognosis as compared to those with no mutation.15
The following terms were used in the search: “ ERG or ETS -related” and leukemia and “CN-AML or cytogenetically normal acute myeloid leukemia”.
In addition to this specific signature patterns of methylation have been observed across cytogenetically abnormal AML [77].
The log books and electronic records at the South African National Blood Service (SANBS) cytogenetic laboratory in Pinetown, KZN, were perused for postnatal chromosomal blood tests for clinically suspected and cytogenetically proven DS undertaken during the period January 2009 December 2013.
MicroRNA expression in cytogenetically normal acute myeloid leukemia.
(1) Papillary adenomas and papillary RCC are histologically and cytogenetically identical, and are currently seperated based on size.
Because the species have been studied cytogenetically, they can serve as model species in efforts to map genomic sequences chromosomally.
Prognostic DNA methylation patterns in cytogenetically normal acute myeloid leukemia are predefined by stem cell chromatin marks.
Oocytes were analyzed cytogenetically for different stages of meiosis under a phase-contrast microscope at high magnifications.