cystoid macular oedema


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oedema, cystoid macular (CMO) 

Oedema and cyst formation of the macular area of the retina. It may occur as a result of, or be associated with, systemic vascular disease, retinal vein occlusion, diabetic retinopathy, uveitis, hypertensive retinopathy, retinitis pigmentosa and following some ocular surgery such as vitreoretinal, photocoagulation, glaucoma procedures and especially cataract surgery. When cystoid macular oedema follows cataract surgery it is called the Irvine-Gass syndrome and it is sometimes accompanied by intraoperative vitreous loss or vitreous adhesion to the iris or to the corneoscleral wound. Visual acuity is affected initially but recovers in the majority of cases. In some cases antiinflammatory therapy may help in restoring visual acuity and in other cases the vitreous adhesion may be disrupted with a Nd-Yag laser.
References in periodicals archive ?
Conclusion: Cystoid macular oedema after phacoemulsification was equally present in both diabetics and non-diabetics without any retinopathy.
In our series, cystoid macular oedema was the common form of presentation.
It was observed that only those patients who had intraoperative complications suffered from postoperative complications including surgically induced astigmatism, Cystoid macular oedema, Retinal Detachment and Endophthalmitis.
Causes of reduced vision in retinal vein occlusion Cystoid macular oedema Elevated intraocular pressure Retinal haemorrhages Rubeotic glaucoma Vitreous haemorrhage Optic atrophy Epiretinal membrane Ischaemic damage to photoreceptors
Vitrectomy for cystoid macular oedema with attached posterior hyaloid membrane in patients with diabetes.
Suboptimal outcomes from uncomplicated cataract surgery can be a result of cystoid macular oedema.
Cystoid macular oedema is an important cause of poor visual outcomes following routine, uncomplicated cataract surgery.
Enhanced disruption of blood-aqueous barrier and the incidence of angiographic cystoid macular oedema by topical timolol and its preservative in early postoperative pseudophakia.
Interestingly, the en face perspective has revealed recognisable, specific patterns in particular pathologies, from the "Swiss cheese wheel" cluster of cysts in cystoid macular oedema, to the "bulls eye target" of light and dark concentric rings seen in central serous retinopathy.
The overlying retina may have cystic changes and may show signs of cystoid macular oedema.