cystoid macular oedema

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oedema, cystoid macular (CMO) 

Oedema and cyst formation of the macular area of the retina. It may occur as a result of, or be associated with, systemic vascular disease, retinal vein occlusion, diabetic retinopathy, uveitis, hypertensive retinopathy, retinitis pigmentosa and following some ocular surgery such as vitreoretinal, photocoagulation, glaucoma procedures and especially cataract surgery. When cystoid macular oedema follows cataract surgery it is called the Irvine-Gass syndrome and it is sometimes accompanied by intraoperative vitreous loss or vitreous adhesion to the iris or to the corneoscleral wound. Visual acuity is affected initially but recovers in the majority of cases. In some cases antiinflammatory therapy may help in restoring visual acuity and in other cases the vitreous adhesion may be disrupted with a Nd-Yag laser.
Millodot: Dictionary of Optometry and Visual Science, 7th edition. © 2009 Butterworth-Heinemann
References in periodicals archive ?
Cystoid macular oedema after extracapsular cataract extraction and intraocular lens implantation in diabetic patients without retinopathy.
The most common complication of BRVO is cystoid macular oedema and thus it is essential to detect it at the earliest.
Conclusion: Cystoid macular oedema after phacoemulsification was equally present in both diabetics and non-diabetics without any retinopathy.
In our series, cystoid macular oedema was the common form of presentation.
It was observed that only those patients who had intraoperative complications suffered from postoperative complications including surgically induced astigmatism, Cystoid macular oedema, Retinal Detachment and Endophthalmitis.
Giovannini, "Long-term control of cystoid macular oedema in noninfectious uveitis with Mycophenolate Mofetil," International Ophthalmology, vol.
Serous macular detachment in diabetic cystoid macular oedema. Acta Ophthalmol Scand.
But an important observation made was that a significant percentage also had Cystoid Macular Oedema (CME), which was usually associated with poorer visual prognosis as compared to the eyes with focal or spongiform thickening.
Chang, "Acetazolamide for cystoid macular oedema in Bietti crystalline retinal dystrophy," Korean Journal of Ophthalmology, vol.
Safety and efficacy of intravitreal triamcinolone for cystoid macular oedema in uveitis.
Lois, "Fundus autofluorescence in the diagnosis of cystoid macular oedema," British Journal of Ophthalmology, vol.