Incidence of cystoid
macular edema after uncomplicated phacoemulsification.
Most common causes are re-detachment (6-25%), cystoid
macular edema (12%), epiretinal membranes (12%) and hypotony (16%) 21 .
(20) The drop in intraocular pressure and rise in ocular perfusion pressure accompanied by increased choroidal thickness may be associated with increased inflammation due to elevated prostaglandin and cytokines, which are thought to cause cystoid
macular edema in the retina.
Postoperativne komplikacije (jedan mesec) Cystoid
macular oedema 25,6 Cistoidni edem makule Opacification of posterior capsule/Zamuaeenje zadnje 5,26 kapsule Retinal detachment 1,5 Ablacija retine Fibrin exudation 6 Fibrinska eksudacija Corneal decompensation 3 Kornealna dekompenzacija Note: Table made from bar graph.
[3-5] Nd:YAG laser posterior capsulotomy possibly combined with complications such as cystoid
macular edema, transient rise in intraocular pressure (IOP), endophthalmitis, anterior hyaloid disruption, and lens pitting.
Our findings are also consistent with other reports of the presence of cystoid
spaces or increased OPL thickness, although the relation to VA was not reported in these studies [9, 11].
Spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) of the right eye showed a foveal fibrovascular pigment epithelial detachment (PED) with overlying subretinal hyperreflective material and cystoid
macular edema (CME).
(2) observed that more than one-half of the patients, despite receiving prompt and adequate immunomodulatory treatment, developed chronic disease, and in some cases, blindness occurred due to cataracts, glaucoma, cystoid
macular edema, choroidal neovascularization.
They describe the pathophysiological basis of macular edema, different approaches of drug delivery to the posterior segment, and recommendations for treatment procedures or different therapies, discussing the definition and basic concepts of macular edema, mechanisms of retinal fluid accumulation and blood-retinal barrier breakdown, intracellular edema, central serous chorioetinopathy, diagnosis and detection, the rationale for therapy, diabetic macular edema, retinal vein occlusions, the pathophysiology of inflammatory macular edema, postsurgical cystoid
macular edema, retinitis pigmentosa and other dystrophies, macular edema of choroidal origin, and other causes of macular edema.
Response to treatment and clinical presentation may vary significantly, with some patients presenting one episode of mild inflammation, whereas others have multiple recurrences of severe uveitis that include persistent vitreous opacities, epiretinal membrane, and cystoid
macular edema leading to loss of eyesight.
Crystalline juvenile macular dystrophy, cystoid
foveal atrophy, and lack of macular pigment are ocular features regarded as pathognomonic of Sjogren-Larsson syndrome but were not detected in our patient .
Helmy and Atta Allah  proposed OCT based classification of cystoid
macular edema (CME).