cystitis glandularis

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Related to cystitis glandularis: cystitis cystica

cys·ti·tis glan·du·la·ris

chronic cystitis with glandlike metaplasia of urothelium.

cys·ti·tis glan·du·la·ris

(sis-tī'tis glan-dyū-lā'ris)
Chronic cystitis with glandlike metaplasia of transitional epithelium.


inflammation of the urinary bladder. The condition may result from an ascending infection coming from the exterior of the body by way of the urethra, or it may be caused by an infection descending from the kidney. Often cystitis is not an isolated infection but is rather a result of some other physical condition. For example, urinary retention, calculi in the bladder, tumors, or neurological diseases impairing the normal function of the bladder may lead to cystitis.
Clinical signs include freqency, pain on urination, blood-stained urine, a thickened bladder wall. Significant clinical pathology findings include hematuria, a high cell count indicative of inflammation, and a positive bacterial culture.

cystitis cystica
cystitis marked by the presence of submucosal cysts.
emphysematous cystitis
an occasional complication of diabetes mellitus in dogs and cats, caused by gas-forming bacteria.
epizootic equine cystitis
an Australian disease of horses similar to Sorghum spp. poisoning.
gangrenous cystitis
results from severe inflammation and ischemia; the bladder wall is green to black.
cystitis glandularis
mucin-secreting glands present in the mucosa in a case of cystitis.
hemorrhagic cystitis
hemorrhage is the main clinical feature.
interstitial cystitis
a lower urinary tract disease of women in which there is painful urination and hemorrhagic lesions in the bladder wall, but no cause can be diagnosed. A similar syndrome is believed to occur in cats.
polypoid cystitis
the mucosa is folded with polypoid projections.
References in periodicals archive ?
A case of cystitis glandularis causing bilateral hydronephrosis.
Clinical character of cystitis glandularis accompanied with upper urinary tract obstruction.
After obtaining informed consent, we gathered 130 patients treated for cystitis glandularis between February 2006 and August 2011.
Under cystoscope, the inflammatory lesions on bladder were symmetrically distributed, mainly at the trigone or neck of the bladder; there were a few cases at the ureteric orifice and other regions were rarely invaded in our 130 cases of cystitis glandularis.
We refer to a lesion as cystitis glandularis when there is benign glandular differentiation in the von Brunn nests, (40) while cystitis cystica is used when glandular structures show cystic dilatation.
Differential Diagnoses of Bladder Benign and Malignant Lesions With Glandular Differentiation, Other Than Secondary Adenocarcinoma Cystitis glandularis and Benign glandular cystitis cystica differentiation and cystic dilation in the von Brunn nests without cytologic atypia or infiltrating patterns.
The possibility that intestinal metaplasia is a putative precursor lesion to adenocarcinoma has been raised owing to the finding of significant telomere shortening in intestinal metaplasia with or without associated cystitis glandularis.
Cystitis glandularis forming a timorous lesion in the urinary bladder: A rare appearance of disease.
As such, it can also mimic the glandular neoplastic lesions discussed in the differential diagnosis of cystitis cystica and cystitis glandularis.
Histologic Mimickers of Bladder Epithelial Neoplasms Mimickers of urothelial carcinoma in situ Reactive urothelial atypia Radiation atypia Polyomavirus infection Mimickers of exophytic papillary urothelial neoplasms Papillary and polypoid cystitis Nephrogenic adenoma Mimickers of invasive carcinoma Inflammatory lesions Pseudocarcinomatous hyperplasia Von Brunn nests Cystitis cystica and cystitis glandularis Nephrogenic adenoma Endometriosis and related lesions Paraganglia Ectopic prostatic tissue Table 3.
These authors found lymphoepithelial lesions in 1 case, which was the only case showing cystitis glandularis.
In a fourth case, which was complicated by the coexistence of cystitis glandularis and mucus dissection of the bladder, the catheterized urine sample contained strands of extracellular mucin and columnar cells with abundant vacuolate cytoplasm.