cystic degeneration


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degeneration

 [de-gen″ĕ-ra´shun]
deterioration; change from a higher to a lower form, especially change of tissue to a lower or less functionally active form. When there is chemical change of the tissue itself, it is true degeneration; when the change consists in the deposit of abnormal matter in the tissues, it is infiltration. adj., adj degen´erative.
caseous degeneration caseation (def. 2).
cerebromacular degeneration (cerebroretinal degeneration)
1. degeneration of brain cells and of the macula retinae, as occurs in tay-sachs disease.
2. any lipidosis with cerebral lesions and degeneration of the retinal macula.
colloid degeneration degeneration with conversion of the tissues into a gelatinous or gumlike material.
cystic degeneration degeneration with formation of cysts.
fatty degeneration deposit of fat globules in a tissue.
fibroid degeneration degeneration of a leiomyoma with subsequent fibrosis.
hepatolenticular degeneration Wilson's disease.
hyaline degeneration a regressive change in cells in which the cytoplasm takes on a homogeneous, glassy appearance; also used loosely to describe the histologic appearance of tissues.
hydropic degeneration a form in which the epithelial cells absorb much water.
lattice degeneration of retina a frequently bilateral, usually benign asymptomatic condition, characterized by patches of fine gray or white lines that intersect at irregular intervals in the peripheral retina, usually associated with numerous, round, punched-out areas of retinal thinning or retinal holes.
macular degeneration see macular degeneration.
macular degeneration, congenital see stargardt's disease.
macular degeneration, Stargardt's stargardt's disease.
mucoid degeneration degeneration with deposit of myelin and lecithin in the cells.
mucous degeneration degeneration with accumulation of mucus in epithelial tissues.
myofibrillar degeneration damage to selective cardiac cells when surrounding interstitial cells, nerves, and capillaries remain viable.
myxomatous degeneration mucous degeneration.
spongy degeneration of central nervous system (spongy degeneration of white matter) Canavan disease.
subacute combined degeneration of spinal cord degeneration of both the posterior and lateral columns of the spinal cord, producing various motor and sensory disturbances; it is due to vitamin B12 deficiency and is usually associated with pernicious anemia. Called also Lichtheim's or Putnam-Dana syndrome.
wallerian degeneration fatty degeneration of a nerve fiber that has been severed from its nutritive source.
Zenker's degeneration Zenker's necrosis.

cystic degeneration

Cyst formation accompanying degeneration.
See also: degeneration

degeneration

deterioration; change from a higher to a lower form, especially change of tissue to a lower or less functionally active form. When there is chemical change of the tissue itself it is true degeneration; when the change consists in the deposit of abnormal matter in the tissues, it is infiltration. See also wallerian degeneration, Zenker's necrosis.

albuminoid degeneration
cloudy swelling, an early stage of degenerative change characterized by swollen, parboiled-appearing tissues which revert to normal when the cause is removed.
ballooning degeneration
swelling of the cytoplasm in epidermal cells without vacuolization, enlarged or condensed nuclei and acantholysis. A characteristic of viral infections of the skin. Called also koilocytosis.
caseous degeneration
colloid degeneration
degeneration with conversion of the tissues into a gelatinous or gumlike material.
cystic degeneration
degeneration with formation of cysts.
fatty degeneration
deposit of fat globules in a tissue.
feathery degeneration
said of hepatocytes; a hydropic change in hepatocytes which have suffered long-term exposure to cholestasis.
fibrinoid degeneration
deposition or replacement with eosinophilic fibrillar or granular substance resembling fibrin.
fibroid degeneration
degeneration into fibrous tissue.
hyaline degeneration
a regressive change in cells in which the cytoplasm takes on a homogeneous, glassy appearance; also used loosely to describe the histological appearance of tissues. Called also hyalinosis.
hydropic degeneration
see hydropic degeneration.
macular degeneration
degenerative changes in the macula retinae.
mucoid degeneration
degeneration with increased mucin which can be epithelial or mesenchymal in origin.
mucous degeneration
degeneration with accumulation of mucus in epithelial tissues. Called also myxomatous degeneration.
myxomatous degeneration
see mucous degeneration (above).
reticular degeneration
extreme intracellular edema of epidermal cells, resulting in rupture and multilocular intraepidermal vesicles with septae formed by the remaining cell walls. Seen in acute inflammatory dermatoses.
spongy degeneration
on microscopic examination has the physical appearance of a sponge. Usually applied to tissue of the central nervous system, caused by the loss of myelin.
References in periodicals archive ?
This is a case report of huge leiomyoma with massive cystic degeneration resulting in diagnostic confusion with ovarian malignancy on clinical evaluation and radiological findings.
2 secondary degenerative changes such as haemorrhage, cystic degeneration, oedema, fibrosis, calcification, and bone formation.
The third pattern is similar to the second except for a persistent, central, nonenhancing area representing cystic degeneration or scar.
Larger lesions may feature prominent cystic degeneration within areas of Antoni B architecture, and collections of abundant lipid-laden macrophages, or xanthoma cells.
Renal leiomyoma with extensive cystic degeneration.
Histologically, schwannomas are well circumscribed and encapsulated, and they may show cystic degeneration.
A spontaneously ruptured gastric stromal tumor with cystic degeneration presenting as hemoperitoneum: a case report.
Neuroendocrine tumors, as discussed below, can sometimes undergo cystic degeneration and mimic a cystic neoplasm.
These include the Elikin and Bernstein118 medullary necrosis, inflammatory and traumatic categories, and cystic degeneration of carcinomas, and the Brisceglia et al (113) renal tumors with cystic necrosis and some pseudocystic diseases, such as pyelocalyceal cysts and lymphocele.
3] Although not different histologically, the larger variant is usually associated with cystic degeneration and hemorrhage.
Histopathology of the specimen revealed cystic degeneration within a lymph node and the presence of thyroid tissue, most of which was effaced with papillary carcinoma (figure).