is a relatively common pyrethroid that is transformed to 4-fluoro-3-phenoxybenzoic acid (4-F-3PBA) rather than 3-PBA, and simultaneously transformed to cis- or trans-DCCA (Barr 2010).
To date, in India, DDT (organochlorine), malathion (organophosphorus) and deltamethrin, cyfluthrin
, alpha-cypermethrin and lambda-cyhalothrin (synthetic pyrethroids) are the commonly used insecticides for vector control in public health.
1-1 Regional distribution of cyfluthrin
technical registrations in China, by May 2011
fluviatilis were also reported in residences that had bed nets treated with lambdacyhalothrin EC (9,25), cyfluthrin
(26), and alphacypermethrin SC (13).
Tenders are invited for Cyfluthrin
Wp-10/Lambdacyhlothrin 10 Percent/Deltamethrin
The cis- and trans-DCCA are metabolites of the cis-and trans-isomers of cypermethrin, cyfluthrin
, or permethrin, and 3-PBA is a metabolite common to several pyrethroids.
Control of malaria vectors has relied mainly on indoor residual spraying of DDT, malathion and synthetic pyrethroids such as deltamethrin and cyfluthrin
in India in rural areas by targeting mainly Anopheles culicifacies (Diptera: Culicidae), a major malaria vector which is attributed for the transmission of 60-70% of cases in rural and peri urban areas of India (1,2).
Homeowners may be able to keep beetles from entering houses by sealing off cracks and crevices on the warm sides of their houses, and by applying the insecticide cyfluthrin
to the exterior of the house (including the roof) when the lady beetles are moving from the trees and onto the houses.
The target analytes were carbaryl, propoxur, chlordane ([alpha] - and [gamma] - isomers), methoxychlor, chlorpyrifos, diazinon, cyfluthrin
(four chromatically resolved isomers), cypermethrin (four chromatically resolved isomers), permethrin (cis- and transisomers), piperonyl butoxide, dacthal, simazine, and trifluralin.
Both mosquito species were susceptible to lambda-cyhalothrin, deltamethrin, permethrin and cyfluthrin
tested in this area as per WHO criterion (98-100% : Susceptible; 81-97%: Verification required; < 80%: Resistant).
Insecticides formulated to provide residual effectiveness include bifenthrin, lambda-cyhalothrin, and cyfluthrin
when applied to primary adult resting sites, causing mosquitoes to absorb a lethal dose upon contact with treated surfaces (Dame & Fasulo 2002).
Derivation of Biomonitoring Equivalents for cyfluthrin